How to Use an Article

Quick Guide to Popup Buttons: Popup windows will only work with JavaScript enabled in your browser and articles viewed within the provided frame structure.

I. Viewing an Article

The article view is divided into two parts, or frames. The leftmost frame provides navigation within the article itself. The table of contents can be hidden by selecting "hide toc" from the top menu. Here, links to further information and the Living Reviews in Relativity website are provided. Navigation between article sections can also be achieved by clicking the "next", "up", and "previous" buttons.

Screenshot of Article Interface

II. References

References cited in an article can be viewed in two ways. Clicking on "References" in the article's table of contents, will open a popup window with the full list of references. Within the text, reference numbers are linked to the related reference, opened in a popup window. Thus, it is not necessary to jump back and forth when reading an article online.

Additionally, users can "track" where a reference is discussed in a particular article and navigate to subsequent citations of the reference within that article. This is done by clicking on the gray button next to the reference number [Track Reference]. This button appears in both the reference list and in the article's text. In the reference list, clicking on the gray button takes you to the place in the text where a particular reference is first cited. Clicking on the gray button appearing next to a reference number in the text will take you to the next citation of that reference.

Note: If a reference is cited only once in an article, or if there is no subsequent citation of this reference, there is no gray button and you will not be able to "track" that reference any further.

The reference window is automatically closed when you load a new page.

III. Popup Windows: Footnotes, Equations, Images, and Biographies

Footnote numbers are linked within an article, clicking on these numbers opens the associated footnote in a popup window.

References to equations are linked throughout an article as well. Thus, equations are easily accessible from wherever they are mentioned. Clicking on the purple button [Equation Icon] next to an equation number, opens the referenced equation in a popup window. By clicking on the equation number itself, one is taken to the actual equation in the text.

Similarly, figures are linked through their number and a yellow button [Popup Image]. Clicking on this button brings up the appropriate image in a popup window, clicking on the number takes you to the thumbnail image above or below the paragraph.

Highlighted last names of people indicate a short biographical information, available both in a popup window as well as in a list at the end of the article.

Popup windows are automatically closed when you leave the article.

IV. Article History and Revision/Update Comments

The evolution of an article through updates and revisions is documented in the article's history. Living Reviews in Relativity provides access to an article's history record in two ways: Either, by clicking the history icon History Icon in any of the journal's lists of articles, or alternatively, by clicking the link "History" in the article's navigation frame. The history lists publication dates of the various article revisions and short summaries of the changes and additions made.

Fast-track revisions (which can be either errata or short pieces of important, new information and references) that do not justify a full-scale article update are reviewed by our subject editors and directly inserted into the text of the original article. Beyond a summary of the change in the article history, popup windows at the actual position in the article where the change has been made, provide you with further details, including the original version of the text. To view these Popup Update Comments click on "Update" or the revision number (e.g. A1). Pink buttons [Update Icon] on the "Update details" page and in the text allow you to find and track the updates/revisions made, by jumping from one to the next within the article.

V. JavaScript

In order to view popup footnotes, equations, references, and update comments, your internet browser must have enabled JavaScript (allowing it to open windows). If you are experiencing any problems, please, contact .

VI. Printing and Downloading

As long as they are in compliance with our License Agreement, Living Reviews in Relativity users can download articles for personal use. Articles can be downloaded from an article's "Download" page. This page can be accessed from two places: (1) the journal's lists of articles, and (2) the article's navigation frame. In addition to PDF versions, an article can also be downloaded in an HTML version for offline reading.

Articles

References

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Impact Factor 2012