Ferdinand Blumentritt: An Austrian Life for the Philippines

by
Harry Sichrovsky (1983/87)

 
Chronological Table of Events

1804
Franz II becomes Franz I, Emperor of Austria.
1809
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Aspern, Tyrolean Revolt
1810-13
Spanish War of Independence against Napoleon;
First Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes
1814-15
Vienna Congress. Abolition of the Galleon Trade (State monopoly of the cargo vessel route Acapulco-Manila)
1821
Independence of Mexico (The Philippines are directly gov- erned by Spain)
1832
First railway line opens in Austria (Linz-Budweis)
1834
Abolition of the privileges of the Royal Philippine Company;
Manila is opened to world trade
1835
Accession to the throne by Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria
1836
Establishment of the Austrian Lloyd in Triest with ocean traffic to the Far East and South America
1848
Revolution in Vienna, Prague, Crakau. Accession to the throne by Emperor Franz Joseph I
1849
All Filipinos are obliged to adopt Spanish family names
1850
Lifting of the domestic customs restrictions in Austria
1853
Ferdinand Blumentritt is born in Prague
1861
Jose Rizal is born in Calamba
1863
Introduction of general primary education in the Philippines;
Andres Bonifacio is born.
1866
War between Prussia and Austria
1867
Enactment of the national statute on the rights of citizens in Austria.
1868
First universal Labor Day in Wiener-Neustadt;
Republican revolution in Spain;
Liberal reforms for the Philippines.
1869
Opening of the Suez Canal, reducing the shipping connection between Spain and the Philippines from three months to four weeks;
Emilio Aguinaldo is born.
1872
Austerlitz Alliance (Austria, Prussia, Russia);
Mutiny of Cavite, execution of the three priests
1874
Formation of the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria
1877
Graduation of Blumentritt. Commencement of work as professor in Leitmeritz;
Austria occupies Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1879
First publication of Blumentritt about the Philippines (The Chinese in the Philippines)
1882
First European trip of Rizal (up to 1887)
1884-85
Graduation of Rizal: Doctor of Medicine, Philosophy and Letters
1886
Beginning of the correspondence between Rizal and Blumentritt
1887
Rizal's visit to Leitmeritz, Rizal writes Noli me tangere;
Rizal's first return to the Philippines
1888
Rizal is in Europe again.
1889
Creation of the "Solidaridad" in Madrid, Blumentritt contributes to the periodical;
Blumentritt's written defence for the Noli me tangere
1890
Rizal publishes the new edition of the "Morga" with an introduction by Blumentritt.
Blumentritt is elected to the municipal council of Leitmeritz (He was council member up to 1908)
1891
Rizal publishes EI Filibusterismo with a foreword by Blumentritt.
First railway line in the Philippines starts operation.
1892
Rizal's second return to his native country, banishment to Dapitan
1896
Beginning of the first Philippine revolution under Bonifacio.
Arrest of Rizal during trip to Cuba, trial and execution.
1898
Beginning of the Spanish-American war, destruction of the Spanish fleet before Manila. Re-commencement of the Philippine revolution. Declaration of independence. Formation of the first revolutionary government. Peace Treaty of Paris, American occupation.
1900
Blumentritt becomes Director of the Leitmeritz Classical Secondary School (up to his retirement in 1911) and privy counsellor
1901
Blumentritt testifies in favor of the granting of independence to the Philippines in connection with a general inquiry of the University of Boston.
Capture of Aguinaldo by the Americans.
1902
Philippine-American war ends officially, the American colonial civil government is established in the Philippines
1906
Approval of the creation of nationalist parties in the Philippines
1907
Introduction of general, equal, secret and direct suffrage in Austria.
Election and convening of the Philippine Assembly, the first Parliament in Manila
1913
Death of Blumentritt, obsequies in Manila
1914
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. Beginning of the First World War
Publication of a memorial volume for Blumentritt by the Philippine Assembly and the establishment of the Blumentritt Society in Manila.

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created: March 28, 1998
updated: March 28, 1998
APSIS Editor Johann Stockinger