Publication 564

Maturana H. R. & Varela F. J. (1982) Color-opponent responses in the avian lateral geniculate: A study in the quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Brain Research 247(2): 227–241. Fulltext at http://cepa.info/564
Extracellular recordings were made from cells in the ventral lateral geniculate (GLv) of the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica), and their responses studied with chromatic stimuli. A total of 156 units were studied, and of these, 124 were found to be optimally responsive to changes in hue, and not to changes of contrast or motion of the stimuli in their receptive fields. These chromatic responses can be characterized as follows: (1) they have large (average 15° × 15°) receptive fields; (2) these receptive fields are mostly located in the anterior part of the visual field; (3) the receptive fields are organized in a (rough) retinotopy in agreement with anatomical findings; (4) units exhibit a sustained response in the dark or under white illumination, which is strongly modulated by changes in hue of stimuli of equal illuminance; (4) the units have a complementary inhibitory response, thus exhibiting a color-opponent pattern of responses; (5) the inhibitory and excitatory areas of the receptive fields are uniform and superimposed; (6) there is a tendency of units of the same optimal chromatic responses to be clustered together in the GLv; (7) although units of all preferences are found, the population is dominated by units with preferences in the short wavelength end of the spectrum (48%). This is the first report of a region in the avian brain where color-opponent responses are found in significant numbers, thus m~tking it apparent that the dflficulty of finding similar units in the optic tract, tectum, dorsal geniculate, or telencephalon, is not due to a lack of appropriate retinal afferents. The relationship between the present findings and other reports on the GLv’s anatomy and physiology are discussed, as well as its possible roles in the generation of chromatic behavioral discrimination of birds.

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