Approach «Neurophenomenology»

Neurophenomenology is a research program put forward by F. J. Varela 1996Varela F. J. (1996) Neurophenomenology: A Methodological remedy to the hard problem. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3(4): 330–349. with the aim of addressing the so-called hard problem of consciousness (Chalmers 1995), the problem of explaining why is it that (neuro)cognitive processes are accompanied by subjective or phenomenal experiences (qualia). Varela maintains that the hard problem of consciousness is not theoretical or metaphysical in nature, but needs to be tackled pragmatically, i.e. by devising “a rigorous method and an explicit pragmatics for its exploration and analysis” (Varela 1996Varela F. J. (1996) Neurophenomenology: A Methodological remedy to the hard problem. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3(4): 330–349.: 330). To this end, the proposed research program seeks pragmatic ways of combining rigorous first-person (phenomenological) analyses (with special emphasis on methods developed by phenomenological movement and contemplative traditions) with cutting-edge neuroscientific accounts (with special emphasis on methods developed in the field of dynamical neuroscience). Varela construes the “working hypothesis of neurophenomenology” as follows: “Phenomenological accounts of the structure of experience and their counterparts in cognitive science relate to each other through reciprocal constraints” (Varela 1996Varela F. J. (1996) Neurophenomenology: A Methodological remedy to the hard problem. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3(4): 330–349.: 343). Phenomenological and neuroscientific accounts are thus methodologically put on an equal footing, with the former guiding and shaping (“constraining”) the approaches taken by the latter, and vice versa.
Cite this definition as: Vörös S. (2016) Neurophenomenology. Constructivist E-Paper Archive. Version of 20 February 2016. Available at http://cepa.info/approach/neurophenomenology

Publications Found: 25 · Show All Abstracts

Barinaga M. (2003) Buddhism and Neuroscience: Studying the Well-Trained Mind. Science 302: 44–46. Available at http://cepa.info/2417
Beaton M. (2013) Phenomenology and Embodied Action. Constructivist Foundations 8(3): 298-313. Available at http://cepa.info/907
Beaton M., Pierce B. & Stuart S. (2013) Neurophenomenology – A Special Issue. Constructivist Foundations 8(3): 265–268. Available at http://cepa.info/903
Bitbol M. (2003) A cure for metaphysical illusions: Kant, quantum mechanics, and the madhyamaka. In: Wallace B. A. (ed.) Buddhism and science. Columbia University Press: 325-361. Available at http://cepa.info/2614
Bitbol M. (2012) Neurophenomenology, an Ongoing Practice of/in Consciousness. Constructivist Foundations 7(3): 165–173. Available at http://cepa.info/504
Bitbol M. & Petitmengin C. (2013) A Defense of Introspection from Within. Constructivist Foundations 8(3): 269–279. Available at http://cepa.info/904
Colombetti G. (2013) Some Ideas for the Integration of Neurophenomenology and Affective Neuroscience. Constructivist Foundations 8(3): 288–297. Available at http://cepa.info/906
de Waal F., Thompson E. & Proctor J. (2005) Primates, Monks, and the Mind: The Case of Empathy. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12(7): 38–54. Available at http://cepa.info/2360
Fazelpour S. & Thompson E. (2015) The Kantian Brain: Brain Dynamics from a Neurophenomenological Perspective. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 31: 223–229. Available at http://cepa.info/2333
Froese T., Gould C. & Barrett A. (2011) Re-Viewing from Within: A Commentary on First- and Second-Person Methods in the Science of Consciousness. Constructivist Foundations 6(2): 254–269. Available at http://cepa.info/208
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