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Glasersfeld E. von (1974) Jean Piaget and the radical constructivist epistemology
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Interaction, construction and knowledge: Alternative perspectives for mathematics education.
In: Grouws C. (ed.)
Perspectives on research on effective mathematics teaching
. Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, Reston VA: 27–46.
Bednarz J. Jr.
Autopoiesis: The organizational closure of social systems.
Fulltext at http://cepa.info/2807
The attempt to define living systems in terms of goal, purpose, function, etc. runs into serious conceptual difficulties. The theoretical biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela realized that any such attempt cannot capture what is distinctive about them: their autonomy and unity. Goal, purpose, etc. always define the system in terms of something extrinsic, whereas living systems are unique because they maintain their unitary continuity of pattern despite the ceaseless turnover of their components. So, system-closure is a prerequisite of their adequate conceptual comprehension. Maturana and Varela themselves found that system-closure pertains exclusively to their organization, i.e. the set of relations among system-components which unify them. For living systems this comprises the relation between the system-components and the processes which they undergo. This relation is self-referential because it is closed, i.e. it essentially (re)produces itself. \\While this model worked very well in the biological domain, attempts to extend it to the social domain met with serious conceptual obstacles. The reason for this is that Maturana did not make a consistent enough application of it. He understood the components of social systems biologically (individuals, persons, etc.) and the relations between them socially (language). This inconsistency ruptured the system’s organizational closure. Consequently organizational closure (autopoiesis) can be maintained only when both the components of social systems and their processes are of the same type: social. This interpretation can be found in the work of Niklas Luhmann who recognizes that the components of social systems are not persons, individuals, actors or subjects but communicative actions themselves. This preserves the organizational closure of the system and permits the concept of autopoiesis to be used as a powerful instrument of social analysis.
Berkowitz G. C.
Greenberg D. R.
White C. A.
An approach to a mathematics of phenomena: Canonical aspects of reentrant form eigenbehavior in the extended calculus of indications.
Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal
Self-reference and recursion characterize a vast range of dynamic phenomena, particularly biological automata. In this paper we investigate the dynamics of self-referent phenomena using the Extended Calculus of Indications (ECI) of Kauffman and Varela, who have applied the ECI to mathematics, physics, linguistics, perception, and cognition. Previous studies have focused on the algebraic structure of the ECI, and on form dynamics using only the arithmetic of Spencer-Brown. We here examine the temporal behavior of self-referent or reentrant forms using the full power of the ECI to represent tangled hierarchies and multiple enfolded dimensions of space-time. Further, we explore the temporal convolution of static and recursive states in coherent fluctuation, providing a foundation for going beyond the Turing model of computation in finite automata. Novel results are presented on the structure of reentrant forms and the canonical elements of form eigenbehavior, the characteristic self-determined dynamic inherent in reentrant forms.
Nuzzo M. L.
Embodied minds over interacting bodies: A constructivist perspective on the mind-body problem.
The Irish Journal of Psychology
Fulltext at http://cepa.info/3953
The consideration of the relation of mutual specification between a distinguished whole and the parts distinguished in it, and of their specification of two nonintersecting phenomenal domains, constitute the starting point for a radical constructivist redefinition of the ‘mind-body problem’ (MBP), where the opposition between mind and body turns into a relation of complementarity between components of a larger (social, ecological) whole. The implications as to the traditional views on the MBP are outlined, stressing in particular the overcoming of the holism/reductionism and parallelism/interactionism dualities.
Dreyfus H. L.
Dreyfus S. E.
Making a mind versus modelling the brain: Artificial intelligence back at a branch-point.
On the supposed closure of normative systems.
In: Teubner G. (ed.)
Autopoietic law: A new approach to law and society
. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin: 51–69.
Fulltext at http://cepa.info/2725
My approach to the subject matter of this paper is one that could be subsumed under a genre that we might call the ecology of ideas. What is at issue is less the validity of ideas than the way in which they are born, circulate, take root in areas different from their place of origin and finally take on new, and sometimes unexpected, forms.
Fetzer J. H.
Signs and minds: An introduction to the theory of semiotic systems.
In: Fetzer J. (ed.)
Aspects of artificial intelligence
. Kluwer, Dordrecht: 133–161.
Fulltext at http://cepa.info/3054
Fleischaker G. R.
Autopoiesis. The status of its system logic.
The concept of autopoiesis, amended as a system theory, is necessary and sufficient to provide an operational definition of life, a set of criteria by which the living are categorically distinguished from the non-living. Limitations are placed on the domains in which autopoiesis may be exhibited.
physical realization of autopoiesis
system logic of the living
Foerster H. von
Abbau und Aufbau.
In: Simon F. B. (ed.)
Lebende Systeme: Wirklichkeitskonstruktionen in der Systemischen Therapie
. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg: 19–33.
Foerster H. von
Construyendo una realidad.
In: Watzlawick P. (ed.)
La Realidad inventada
. Editorial Gedisa, Barcelone: 38–56.
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