Geyer F. (1995) The challenge of sociocybernetics. Kybernetes 24(4): 6–32. Fulltext at http://cepa.info/3854
The challenge of sociocybernetics.
Kybernetes 24(4): 6–32.
Fulltext at http://cepa.info/3854
Summarizes some of the important concepts and developments in cybernetics and general systems theory, especially during the last two decades. Shows how they can indeed be a challenge to sociological thinking. Cybernetics is used here as an umbrella term for a great variety of related disciplines: general systems theory, information theory, system dynamics, dynamic systems theory, including catastrophe theory, chaos theory. Also considers the emerging “science of complexity”, which includes neural networks, artificial intelligence and artificial life, and discusses the methodological drawbacks of second‐order cybernetics.