RADICAL CONSTRUCTIVISM
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by Alexander Riegler

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Found 20 entries containing glanville

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pask

Gordon Pask

  1. Gordon Pask by Ranulph Glanville en 16 Jul 1999

    Gordon Pask’s life and work may be interpreted through the filter of two themes: interaction and drama. Those who knew him, or saw him make a presentation, will be acutely aware of the drama of the persona. And all those who know his work will be familiar with the use of the word interaction as well as words such as conversation, implying/embodying interaction.


Further Researchers

  1. Ranulph Glanville bases his work in the notion that each of us constructs our own world, that observation is done by observers, and knowing is done by knowers. His interest in cybernetics is because it is the area of study that welcomes the observer (and allows him to make errors). Also, he is interested in design since it is, par excellence, an area of constructing. en 20 Jul 1999

Papers

  1. Glanville, Ranulph (1990) ”Sed Quis Custodient Ipsos Custodes?” In: Heylighen, F., Rosseel, E. & Demeyere, F. (eds.) Self-Steering and Cognition in Complex Systems. Gordon and Breach: London, pp. 107-112. en 16 Jul 1999

    We draw distinctions (Spencer Brown): the drawing of such distinctions, no matter what euphemisms we choose, creates me (I, the observer, the self) and the other. How this happens, the agency of drawing distinctions, is beyond cognition, for only when the distinction is drawn is there a cognitive entity.

  2. Glanville, Ranulph (1990) The Self And The Other: The Purpose Of Distinction In: Trappl, R. (ed.) Cybernetics and Systems ‘90. World Scientific: Singapore. en 16 Jul 1999

    The nature of distinction drawing (Spencer Brown) is examined with special reference to the distinction between the self and the other.

  3. Glanville, Ranulph (1994) Variety In Design Systems Research, vol 11, no 3. en 16 Jul 1999

    It is argued that creativity might be amplified through the co-operative sharing of brain power – in contrast to Ashby’s amplification of intelligence by restricting attention to the problem.

  4. Glanville, Ranulph (1995) Chasing The Blame In: Lasker, G. (ed). Research on Progress – Advances in Interdisciplinary Studies on Systems Research and Cybernetics” Vol 11, IIASSRC. Windsor: Ontario. en 16 Jul 1999

    Tries to make the understanding of (and the understandings from) the Cybernetics of Cybernetics – characterised by its circularity, by the inclusion of the participant/actor/observer – more apparent.

  5. Glanville, Ranulph (1995) A Ship without a Rudder In: Glanville, R. and de Zeeuw, G. (eds.) Problems of Excavating Cybernetics and Systems. BKS+, Southsea. en 16 Jul 1999

    Stability is related to the basic cybernetic concept goal. It is shown that every goal must have a goal of its own which in turn is observer dependent. Every stable system must be assumed to have an internal goal of its own. Thus, apparently random behaviour (viewed from the outside) is entirely stable (viewed from the inside).

  6. Glanville, Ranulph (1995) The Cybernetics of Value and the Value of Cybernetics. The Art of Invariance and the Invariance of Art In: Glanville, R. & de Zeeuw, G. (eds.) Problems of Values and (In)variants. Thesis Publishers: Amsterdam. en 16 Jul 1999

    In this paper, Spencer Brown’s Logic of Distinctions is considered in the light of various amendments proposed by the author.

  7. Glanville, Ranulph (1996) Robin McKinnon-Wood and Gordon Pask: A Lifelong Conbersation Cybernetics & Human Knowing. A Journal of Second Order Cybernetics & Cyber-Semiotics, Vol. 3 no. 4 en 09 Jun 2000
  8. Glanville, Ranulph (1996) Communication without Coding: Cybernetics, Meaning and Language (How Language, becoming a System, Betrays itself) Invited paper in Modern Language Notes, Vol 111, no 3 (ed Wellbery, D.). en 16 Jul 1999

    Communication is considered as a cybernetic system in which two participants (the representer and the representee) share a representation (made up of a representing and a represented), each constructing his own meaning from the identity of the representing and the represented in the representation in the form of a conversation. Meaning, in this context, is not seen as lying in any part of the representation. Certain consequences of this cybernetic system are developed, some of the prerequisites for such a system to exist are explored, and ossible tests are considered.

  9. Glanville, Ranulph (1997) Behind the Curtain 1st Int. CAiiA Research Conference “Consciousness Reframed ‘97”, University of Wales College, Newport, UK. en 16 Jul 1999

    We cannot know what happens behind the interface with another we communicate with, what their understanding is. It is explored how we can retain our ignorance of what happens in the other and yet communicate, is explored, using the cybernetic construction the “Black Box”.

  10. Glanville, Ranulph (1997) The Value of being Unmanageable: Variety and Creativity in CyberSpace In: Proceedings of the Conference “Global Village ‘97”, Vienna. en 16 Jul 1999

    Complexity is examined in the context of Ashby’s Law of Requisite Variety, and systems are shown to rapidly reach transcomputability, at which point they become uncontrollable. The circular notion of control is introduced, where control occurs “between”. Systems that are in principle beyond control are defined as unmanageable. Unmanageability is examined and shown to be potentially enrichening, offering possibilities of enhancing creativity.

  11. Glanville, Ranulph (1998) A (Cybernetic) Musing: The Gestation of Second Order Cybernetics, 1968-1975 - A Personal Account Cybernetics & Human Knowing. A Journal of Second Order Cybernetics & Cyber-Semiotics. Volume 5, No.2 1998 16 Jun 1999
  12. Glanville, Ranulph (1998) Acts Between and Between Acts 2nd Int. CAiiA Research Conference “Consciousness Reframed ‘98”, University of Wales College, Newport, UK. en 16 Jul 1999

    We treat observing “as if” it were of Objects. The “as if” gives the ability to postulate/construct Objects such that we believe they are held in common between observers. We can treat observing by different observers “as if” shared. Thus, we can talk of events: coherent observings in one timespan.

  13. Glanville, Ranulph (1998) Re-searching Design and Designing Research Design Issues vol 15 no 2. en 16 Jul 1999

    When Design Research began in the 1960s, research was central to Science. Research was Science. In shameful contrast, Design was not Scientific. Design should be Scientific. Design therefore needed Research. The problems of design would be solved, given the application of proper scientific methods.

  14. Glanville, Ranulph (2001) An Observing Science Foundation of Science, special issue “The Impact of Radical Constructivism on Science”, vol. 6, nos. 1-3: 45-75. [More about this journal issue] en 18 Dec 2001

    The author shows not only that Radical Constructivism is sensible, but that it does not preclude us having a science. In contrast, it can enrich science by taking on board the sensible. In the process, which science is seen to be the more basic is challenged.

  15. Pangaro, Paul (1997) THOUGHTSTICKER and Me: A Personal History of Conversation Theory in Software, and its Progenitor, Gordon Pask Written for a festschrift in celebration of Gordon Pask to be published by the International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, edited by B. Scott and R. Glanville en 09 Jun 2000

    Describes Pask’s Conversation Theory that gave immediate prescriptions for the construction of training systems and adaptive, personalized information browsers. Over a 15-year period, many software prototypes were constructed and gave proof to the applicability of Pask’s theory. This paper explains how, already, they are practical.

  16. Rocha, L. (1996) Eigenbehavior and Symbols Systems Research, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 371-384, 1996, Special Issue Heinz von Foerster Festschrift, Ranulph Glanville (ed.) en 25 Nov 1997

    This paper sketches a rough taxonomy of self-organization which may be of relevance in the study of cognitive and biological systems. The problem is framed both in terms of the language Heinz von Foerster used to formulate much of second-order cybernetics as well as the language of current theories of self-organization and complexity.

  17. Whitaker, R. (1994) Interactional models for collective support systems: An application of autopoietic theory In: Glanville, R., and de Zeeuw, G. (eds) Interactive Interfaces and Human Networks, Amsterdam: Thesis Publishers, 1994, 119-135 en 27 Feb 1998

    Interactional models are of increasing concern in the design of information technology (IT), and they will become even more important as systems are progressively targeted to support groups rather than individual users. Deriving from the autopoietic theory of Maturana and Varela are two models of social systems which are employed to analyze IT systems and the design processes by which they are constructed.

Books
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  1. Jokisch, R. (1996) Logic of Distinctions. A Protologic for a Theory of Society Translation of Logik der Distinktionen. Zur Protologik einer Theorie der Gesellschaft, Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1996. en 24 Feb 1998

    This work is a critique and further development of positions like that of Spencer Brown, Glanville, Günther, Varela, Maturana, Parsons, Habermas, Luhmann and C.F. von Weizsäcker. One central constructivistic theorem developed in this work (the theorem of action) says, that any action implies (explicitly or implicitly) a decision, and that any decision implies a distinction. So there can be no action if there is no distinction. Therefore, on the one hand, we are constructing our world by distinctions. On the other hand the constructivistic approach has its limits because there exists a certain ‘logic of distinctions’, so that we are forced to construct our world in a special manner which is not according to our free will.

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