Open peer commentary on the article “Second-Order Science: Logic, Strategies, Methods” by Stuart A. Umpleby. Upshot: The humanities are gaining a new self-awareness of the role of observers who develop theories, and of the interplays between the theories and the system being studied. This article follows up the target paper with extended challenging questions, inviting more discussion.
Hu J. J. (2014) New Challenges to New Science. Constructivist Foundations 10(1): 26–28. Available at http://constructivist.info/10/1/026.hu
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