Open peer commentary on the article “Second-Order Science of Interdisciplinary Research: A Polyocular Framework for Wicked Problems” by Hugo F. Alrøe & Egon Noe. Upshot: Contrary to Alrøe and Noe, problems are wicked not because they escape the technical expertise of the special sciences but because they reawaken the sciences’ totalizing impulse, which then leads to conflicting cross-disciplinary claims, on the basis of which the state must intervene. This situation is understandable against the backdrop of an “open systems” perspective, in which the sort of second-order perspective presupposed by wicked problems is spontaneously generated.
Fuller S. (2014) Ascending to the second-order: An alternative systems take on wicked problems. Constructivist Foundations 10(1): 81–83. http://constructivist.info/10/1/081
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