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In: Trappl, R. (ed.) Cybernetics and Systems '90. World Scientific: Singapore.
The nature of distinction drawing (Spencer Brown) is examined with special reference to the distinction between the self and the other.
In: Heylighen, F., Rosseel, E. & Demeyere, F. (eds.) Self-Steering and Cognition in Complex Systems. Gordon and Breach: London, pp. 107-112.
We draw distinctions (Spencer Brown): the drawing of such distinctions, no matter what euphemisms we choose, creates me (I, the observer, the self) and the other. How this happens, the agency of drawing distinctions, is beyond cognition, for only when the distinction is drawn is there a cognitive entity.
Systems Research, vol 11, no 3.
It is argued that creativity might be amplified through the co-operative sharing of brain power -- in contrast to Ashby's amplification of intelligence by restricting attention to the problem.
In: Glanville, R. and de Zeeuw, G. (eds.) Problems of Excavating Cybernetics and Systems. BKS+, Southsea.
Stability is related to the basic cybernetic concept goal. It is shown that every goal must have a goal of its own which in turn is observer dependent. Every stable system must be assumed to have an internal goal of its own. Thus, apparently random behaviour (viewed from the outside) is entirely stable (viewed from the inside).
In: Glanville, R. & de Zeeuw, G. (eds.) Problems of Values and (In)variants. Thesis Publishers: Amsterdam.
In this paper, Spencer Brown's Logic of Distinctions is considered in the light of various amendments proposed by the author.
In: Lasker, G. (ed). Research on Progress--Advances in Interdisciplinary Studies on Systems Research and Cybernetics" Vol 11, IIASSRC. Windsor: Ontario.
Tries to make the understanding of (and the understandings from) the Cybernetics of Cybernetics -- characterised by its circularity, by the inclusion of the participant/actor/observer -- more apparent.
Invited paper in Modern Language Notes, Vol 111, no 3 (ed Wellbery, D.).
Communication is considered as a cybernetic system in which two participants (the representer and the representee) share a representation (made up of a representing and a represented), each constructing his own meaning from the identity of the representing and the represented in the representation in the form of a conversation. Meaning, in this context, is not seen as lying in any part of the representation. Certain consequences of this cybernetic system are developed, some of the prerequisites for such a system to exist are explored, and ossible tests are considered.
In: Proceedings of the Conference "Global Village '97", Vienna.
Complexity is examined in the context of Ashby's Law of Requisite Variety, and systems are shown to rapidly reach transcomputability, at which point they become uncontrollable. The circular notion of control is introduced, where control occurs "between". Systems that are in principle beyond control are defined as unmanageable. Unmanageability is examined and shown to be potentially enrichening, offering possibilities of enhancing creativity.
1st Int. CAiiA Research Conference "Consciousness Reframed '97", University of Wales College, Newport, UK.
We cannot know what happens behind the interface with another we communicate with, what their understanding is. It is explored how we can retain our ignorance of what happens in the other and yet communicate, is explored, using the cybernetic construction the "Black Box".
Design Issues vol 15 no 2.
When Design Research began in the 1960s, research was central to Science. Research was Science. In shameful contrast, Design was not Scientific. Design should be Scientific. Design therefore needed Research. The problems of design would be solved, given the application of proper scientific methods.
2nd Int. CAiiA Research Conference "Consciousness Reframed '98", University of Wales College, Newport, UK.
We treat observing "as if" it were of Objects. The "as if" gives the ability to postulate/construct Objects such that we believe they are held in common between observers. We can treat observing by different observers "as if" shared. Thus, we can talk of events: coherent observings in one timespan.
Interview with Ernst von Glasersfeld.
Nordic TAG Göteborg 1997: Archaeological epistemology and ontology.
The Irish Journal of Psychology 9(1): 25-82.
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaften 11 (1): 9-30.
Der Autor versucht den Ansatz einer Interpretation zu einem kleinen und ungewöhnlichen Kapitel der Wissenschaftsgeschichte der späten 1950er bis Mitte der 1970er Jahre, dem bisher nicht viel Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt wurde, dem Biological Computer Laboratory des Heinz von Foerster.
Accepted for the conference program of the 2003 as key note speech V of the European Communication Association (ECA) Munich, March 2003.
This work introduces the epistemological design of CHRP 512 AS which is a technology of self designed to facilitate the individuals to perceive, construct and evolve self referentially their own interpretation, through coding and programming, of the media noise transforming it into meaningful communication. CHRP 512 AS is programmed through nine binary codes which would facilitate individuals to (reframe) noise into communication according to Luhmann's self referential selection of the psychic systems selecting from the outer environment in the age of multimediality, glocality, complexity and functional differentattion. The theoretical foundations of this work are mainly rooted in Niklas Luhmann's system theory, Howard Gardner's multiple intelligence theory and in Georg Simmel's theory of social differentation.
Leon Rappoport Interviewed by Andrea Pitasi.
Andrea Pitasi interviews Loet Leydesdorff about his book: A Sociological Theory of Communication: The Self-Organization of the Knowledge-Based Society. Parkland, FL: Universal Publishers.
Im Folgenden wird eine Darstellung und Kritik der Thesen des Radikalen Konstruktivismus gegeben, aber es soll nicht vergessen werden, dass sein Verdienst zumindest gewesen ist, einen Konstruktivismus nachhaltig in die Diskussion gebracht zu haben. Viele Analysen der “radikalen” Konstruktivisten können von “gemäßigten” Konstruktivisten mit Gewinn übernommen werden, wenn man nur die erkenntnistheoretischen Hypothesen außer Acht lässt...
In this article I will attempt to briefly analyze the notion of the Self throughout the history of Philosophy, Psychology, through Postmodernism. Thereafter I will demonstrate how Modernism, with its use of objective analysis, systematic knowledge and scientific language, led up to a far more subjective, changing, fragmented, and multidimensional concept of the Self. I will also try to cover how society and culture have changed in the past decades, and how this has had an effect on the formation of one's Identity or one's Self.
Chapter 7 in: Peschl, M. F. (ed.) (1991) Formen des Konstruktivismus in Diskussion. Wien: WUV-Universitätsverlag, pp. 73-87.
Discusses the relationship between RC and the Erlangen School. (In contrast to its title, it has little to say about constructive realism.)