This paper suggests an alternative framework for looking at phenomena of memory distortion. It provides evidences that focus on the anticipation-driven nature of cognition, which in turn gives rise to the assumption that cognitive constructs are primary to perceptions. In this radical constructivist perspective, memory is inseparably embedded in cognitive processes rather than a neural device for storing and retrieving knowledge. Radical constructivism is presented on the basis of four principles and its consequences for research on constructive memory are investigated.
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