Archives for category: Literatur / Reviews

Wer über den Sommer etwas online über digitale Kulturen lesen mag: es gibt eine schöne Initiative von Digitalculturebook, die es ermöglicht, eine Sammlung von Büchern frei online zu lesen!  Da in HTML leider nicht unbedingt für eReader wie den IREX Reader geeignet, dennoch das Prinzip ist super.

Folgende Titel sind verfügbar:

Emanuel Goldberg, Electronic Document Retrieval, And Vannevar Bush’s Memex

by Michael K. Buckland,
School of Library and Information Studies,
University of California at Berkeley

Abstract: Vannevar Bush’s famous paper “As We May Think” (1945) described an imaginary information retrieval machine, the Memex. The Memex is usually viewed, unhistorically, in relation to subsequent developments using digital computers. This paper attempts to reconstruct the little-known background of information retrieval in and before 1939 when “As We May Think” was originally written. The Memex was based on Bush’s work during 1938-1940 developing an improved photoelectric microfilm selector, an electronic retrieval technology pioneered by Emanuel Goldberg of Zeiss Ikon, Dresden, in the 1920s. Visionary statements by Paul Otlet (1934) and Walter Schuermeyer (1935) and the development of electronic document retrieval technology before Bush are examined.

Full Paper: http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~buckland/goldbush.html

Keith Hart: An anthropology of the Internet

Is an anthropology of the internet possible? If so, what would it look like? I will attempt a provisional answer here, building on my book about the consequences of the digital revolution for the forms of money and exchange. People, machines and money matter in this world, in that order. Most intellectuals know very little about any of them, being preoccupied with their own production of cultural ideas. Anthropologists have made some progress towards understanding people, but they are often in denial when it comes to the other two; and their methods for studying people have been trapped for too long in the 20th-century paradigm of fieldwork-based ethnography. I do not advocate a wholesale rejection of the ethnographic tradition, but rather would extend its premises towards a more inclusive anthropological project, better suited to studying world society, of which the internet is perhaps the most striking expression. For sure, we need to find out what real people do and think by joining them where they live. But we also need a global perspective on humanity as a whole if we wish to understand our moment in history. This will expose the limitations of the modern experiment in the social sciences — their addiction to impersonal abstractions and repression of individual subjectivity.

more: http://thememorybank.co.uk/2010/02/06/an-anthropology-of-the-internet-2/

Ein neuer Sammelband zu Community Informatics ist erschienen: Communities in Action: Papers in Community Informatics

Soeben wurde ein Sonderband zu Medien und Film – u.a. auch mit drei Artikel zu Internet – für das Journal Austrian Studies in Social Anthropology fertig gestellt.

Zu finden ist der Band und seine Beiträge online unter: http://www.univie.ac.at/alumni.ethnologie/journal/ksa-Tage%20-%202007.html

Besonders die folgenden Beiträge sind vielleicht von Interesse für den Bereich Internetforschung:

Schön, Georg: Soziale Bewegungen und (Gegen-)Öffentlichkeiten in Mexiko.
In: Claudia Trupp und Philipp Budka (Hg.): Workshop “Medien und Film”
KSA-Tage 2007 (Sondernummer) Artikel 4 / ISSN 1815-3704

Budka, Philipp: How “real life” issues affect the social life of online networked communities.
In: Claudia Trupp und Philipp Budka (Hg.): Workshop “Medien und Film”
KSA-Tage 2007 (Sondernummer) Artikel 6 / ISSN 1815-3704

Brezansky, Katrin Julia: ANANCY´S WEB. Über Cyberspaces und Cyberscapes im Kontext einer universellen Rastafari-Philosophie.
In: Claudia Trupp und Philipp Budka (Hg.): Workshop “Medien und Film” KSA-Tage 2007 (Sondernummer) Artikel 7 / ISSN 1815-370

Mehr Infos zum Journal unter: http://www.univie.ac.at/alumni.ethnologie/journal/index.htm

in the spirit of the recent AOIR mailing list discussion (see links) on open-access vs. locked-down academic journals i highly recommend two famous – and interesting! – open access journals in “the field” (whatever this may mean!?):

journal of computer-mediated communication (JCMC): http://jcmc.indiana.edu/

first monday: http://www.firstmonday.dk/

- both of them are peer-reviewed, read and cited as far as i know! maybe a first step towards the future…

Die University of Leicester unterstützt diese WebSite: Exploring online research methods

mit vielen Informationen, zB Literaturhinweisen, Glossar und Fallbeispielen.

Es gibt auch ein Kapitel zum Selbststudium (Self-Study), wo viele Hinweise für online-Forschung gegeben werden, bis hin zur Erstellung von Fragebögung, Durchführung von Interviews und technischen Tips.

book6e.jpg

Ich beginne diesen Blog mit einer Buchempfehlung: Web.Studies (2nd edition) herausgegeben David Gauntlett und Ross Horsley.

David Gauntlett ist Soziologe und derzeit Professor für Media and Communications at the School of Media, Arts and Design, University of Westminster in London. Seine Website theory. org ist auch interessant, es findet sich hier viel Nützliches und Witziges.

Das Buch Web.Studies war vor mehreren Jahren mein Einstieg in die Internetforschung, und ich denke es ist noch immer ein gutes Buch, um sich einen Überblick über verschiedenste Fragestellungen zu verschaffen. Online findet sich u.a. das Einführungskapitel von David Gauntlett und das Inhaltsverzeichnis.

Interweb (sometimes deliberately misspelled intarweb(s)) is a sarcastic term used to indicate inexperience by intentionally and incorrectly merging the Internet and the World Wide Web. The joke is that the correct casual name for the World Wide Web is “the Web,” which is part of “the Internet,” and content found on the Web can be said to be either “on the Web” or “on the Internet.” “Interweb” implies a naive confusion of these two terms.

The term interweb originated as the hacker culture response to the ever-increasing influx of inexperienced users to the Internet’s forums and chat rooms. Whereas the Internet had previously been the exclusive domain of the tech-savvy, it was now attracting millions of newcomers (newbies) who were now participating in it (often with poor netiquette). Referring to the Internet as the interweb mocks the inexperience and ignorance of these newcomers, whose lack of understanding of the workings of the ‘net would often amuse or annoy the more experienced. The term interweb is also used in an ironic or post-modern manner by those who understand the full meaning and implications of the word.

von Wikipedia