Conventions and Abbreviations

From Lexicon Leponticum
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  • LexLep is inclusive, not exclusive. This means that texts and readings are included in the lexicon even if we do not consider them Celtic or correct.
  • Every character or mark on an object that contains an Italo-Celtic inscription will be rendered in the transcription by a special sign. Word separators will be rendered by corresponding signs (:, ...), ornaments in the context of inscriptions will be rendered by ? (e.g., χosioiso), isolated ornaments and figures will be rendered by §.
  • Everything written or engraved on an object that contains an Italo-Celtic inscription will be considered an inscription itself and will accordingly be furnished with a separate sigil. In particular, this includes Latin seals of manufacturers imprinted on the objects (e.g., AVILLI on NO·12.2), ornamental, not-script-based engravings (e.g., the triangle on VB·3).
  • Continuous texts that switch between languages, like PG·1, will be treated as consisting of several inscriptions.


Reconstructions, Symbols, etc.

Geographic coordinates

  • On "Site" pages, a point in the centre of the respective location (main square, town hall,...) is used for determining the values for the coordinate entries.
  • On "Object" pages, ideally the exact coordinates where the objects were found are used. If these are unavailable, the coordinates of the site are used instead.
  • On "Museum" pages, a point at the entrance of the museum is used for determining the coordinates.


Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
Morandi 2004 Alessandro Morandi, Celti d'Italia. Tomo II: Epigrafia e lingua dei Celti d'Italia. A cura di Paola Piana Agostinetti [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 12.2], Roma: Spazio Tre 2004.
Schumacher 2004 Stefan Schumacher, Die rätischen Inschriften. Geschichte und heutiger Stand der Forschung, 2nd, extended edition [= Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, Sonderheft 121], Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft 2004.
Solinas 1994 Patrizia Solinas, "Il Celtico in Italia", Studi Etruschi 60 (1994 [1995]), 311-408.