Phonology

From Lexicon Leponticum

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Contents

Probable Phonemic System of Lepontic

Vowels

Short Long
Monophthongs
front back
open/high i u
mid e o
close/low a
front back
open/high ī ū
mid
close/low ā
Diphthongs
front back
open/high
mid e o̯, o
close/low a, a
front back
open/high ū
mid
close/low ā

Consonants

labial coronal dorsal
voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced
Plosive p pp? b (β)* bb? t tt d (δ)* dd? k kk g (γ)* gg?
Affricate ts
Fricative φ? s*** χ
Nasal m mm n (ŋ)** nn
Trill r rr
Lateral l ll
Approximant ****

*) possibly intervocalic allophone?   **) allophone before tectals   ***) alveolar   ****) palatal

Commentary

  • Phonological notation follows other conventions as phonetical, f.ex.:
phonological = phonetical
d d/ð
pp
ā aːj
j
w
  • regarding the tau gallicum phenomenon: Eska 1998b
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