kuitos

From Lexicon Leponticum

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Attestation: NO·21.1 (tanotaliknoi / kuitos / lekatos / anokopokios / setupokios / esanekoti / anareuiśeos / tanotalos / karnitus) (1)
Language: Latin
adapted to: Cisalpine Gaulish
Word Type: proper noun

Grammatical Categories:

Case: nom.
Number: sg.
Gender: masc.
Stem Class: o

Morphemic Analysis: ku̯int-os Attention, needs to be checked!
Phonemic Analysis: kintos Attention, needs to be checked!
Cognates: Lat. quintus
Meaning: Qui(n)tos

Commentary

The implosive nasal before a consonant is almost never written in Lepontic script, therefore it has to be read kui(n)tos, cp. piuotialui, anokopokios, arkatokomaterekos vs. piuonta, anteśilu (for phonetic discussion cp. Uhlich 2007: 390-391, Lejeune 1971: 381 fn. 69, fn. 68, Whatmough 1933: II 592). In the inscription NO·21.1 we can recognize romanization: this son of Dan(n)otalos has obviousely a Latin name (Quintus) and also a roman title (legatus). (Lejeune 1971: 23, 25, 40-41, cp. Eska 2006: 232 fn. 7, Uhlich 2007: 387). Another interpretation is given by Meißner (2004: 98-100), he derives kuitos from Cintu- "the first". See also McCone 1996: 5.

Bibliography

Eska 2006 Joseph Francis Eska, "The genitive plural desinence in Celtic and dialect geography", Die Sprache 46/2 (2006), 229-235.
Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
McCone 1996 Kim McCone, Towards a relative chronology of ancient and medieval Celtic sound change, Maynooth: St. Patrick’s College, The Dept. of Old Irish 1996.
Meißner 2004 Torsten Meißner, "Zum gallischen Zahlwort für "erster" - ein indirekter Zeuge?", Historische Sprachforschung 117/1 (2004), 97-100.
Uhlich 2007 Jürgen Uhlich, "More on the linguistic classification of Lepontic", in: Pierre-Yves Lambert, George-Jean Pinault (eds.), Gaulois et celtique continental [= École pratique des hautes études. Sciences historiques et philologiques. III. Hautes études du monde gréco-romain 39], Genève: Librairie Droz 2007, 373-411.
Whatmough 1933 Joshua Whatmough, The Prae-Italic Dialects of Italy. Vol. 2, Part 3: The Raetic, Lepontic, Gallic, East-Italic, Messapic and Sicel inscriptions, Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press 1933.

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