NM·4

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Coin

Coin Type

Coin Type: drachma, Lejeune A4, Pautasso 10, Arslan XIII
Description: obverse: right-facing female head, reverse: right-facing lion, legend above the lion
Material (main component): silver
Material Composition: unspecified silver alloy (probably silver, copper, tin, lead, and traces of antimony)
Shape: irregular round
Average Diameter: 1.4 cm0.551181 in
Average Thickness:
Average Weight: 2.20 g0.0022 kg
0.00485017 lb
Workmanship: struck

Archaeological Culture: unknown
Date: 130-110 BC
Date derived from:

Number of Known Pieces: 20
Area of Circulation: Lombardian region: Gerenzago (Pavia), Verdello (Bergamo), Burwein (Graubünden), Brentonico (Trento)
Mint / Main Site: Milano
Coordinates (approx.): 45° 27' 49" N, 9° 11' 17" ELatitude: 45.463689
Longitude: 9.188141
[from site]

Coin Legend

Idealised Transliteration: pirakos 
Idealised Original Script: S sO2 sK sA sR sI sP s
Variant Reading: pirakoị, pirukoi (Blanchet)
Position: back, upper area
Orientation:
Direction of Writing: sinistroverse
Script: North Italic Script
Letter Height: 0
Number of Letters: 7
Number of Words: 1
Number of Lines: 1
Inscription Type: unknown
Language: unknown
Syntactic Analysis: NP
Meaning: "Pirakos" (name)

Alternative Sigla: Whatmough 1933 (PID): 323
Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 36 C

Sources: Pautasso 1966: 15 & 42-43 & 48 & 105
Arslan 2000: 232
Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 199

Images

High resolution images of the Pirakos-coins of Verdello
Details of the Pirakos-coin legends

Map

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Commentary

  • Data of examples:
  • Former readings of the leged based on an erroneous interpretation as Latin characters have not been taken into account in Lexicon Leponticum, e.g. Libeco (La Saussaye & Ackermann), Virekos (Deecke), Viricus (Castelfranco), Virecoi (Ricci).

Bibliography

Arslan 2000 Ermanno A. Arslan, "La monetazione con legende leponzie e la monetazione preromana dell'area leponzia e insubre", in: Raffaele Carlo De Marinis, Simonetta Biaggio Simona (Eds.), I Leponti tra mito e realtà, Locarno: Gruppo Archeologia Ticino 2000, 223-233.
Pautasso 1966 Andrea Pautasso, Le Monete Preromane dell'Italia Settentrionale, Varese: Centro di Studi Preistorici ed Archeologici 1966.
Tibiletti Bruno 1981 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Le iscrizioni celtiche d'Italia", in: Enrico Campanile (Ed.), I Celti d'Italia, Pisa: Giardini 1981, 157-207.
Whatmough 1933 Joshua Whatmough, The Prae-Italic Dialects of Italy. Vol. 2, Part 3: The Raetic, Lepontic, Gallic, East-Italic, Messapic and Sicel inscriptions, Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press 1933.
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