PG·1.4

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Inscription
Reading in Transliteration: ateknati : trut / ikni : karnitu / artuaś : koisis : t / ṛụṭịknos : 
Reading in Original Script: A dT dE dK3 dN3 dA dT dI dseparator3 dT dR dU dT d
I dK3 dN3 dI dseparator dK3 dA dR dN3 dI dT dU d
A dR dT dU dA dŚ dK5 dO4 dI dS sI dS sseparator dT d
R dU dT dI dK5 dN3 dO4 dS sseparator d

Object: PG·1 Todi (gravestone)Latitude: 42.78023
Longitude: 12.408453

(Inscriptions: PG·1.1, PG·1.2, PG·1.3, PG·1.4)
Position: back, lower area
Orientation:
Direction of Writing: dextroverse
Script: North Italic Script
Number of Letters: 44
Number of Words: 6
Number of Lines: 4
Workmanship: carved
Condition: complete, damaged

Archaeological Culture: unknown [from object]
Date of Inscription: 150-100 BC (Solinas), late 1st century BC (Morandi) [from object]
Date derived from: unknown [from object]

Type: funerary
Language: Cisalpine Gaulish
Syntactic Analysis: -
Meaning: "Koisis (son of) Drutos made (erected, heaped up) the gravestone of (= for) Ategnatos (son of) Drutos"

Alternative Sigla: Whatmough 1933 (PID): 339
Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 35
Solinas 1994: 142 B
Morandi 2004: 277 B8-11

Sources: Morandi 2004: 702-703 & 701 (fig. 32.277B) & 810 (pl. XXXIII.277B)
Solinas 1994: 382-383
Lejeune 1971: 29-38
Eska 1989: 106-107

Images


Commentary

Bibliography

Eska 1989 Joseph Francis Eska, "Interpreting the Gaulish inscription of Voltino", Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 36 (1989), 106-107.
Fabretti 1867 Ariodante Fabretti, Corpus inscriptionum italicarum antiquioris aevi. Ordine geographico digestum et glossarium italicum, in quo omnia vocabula continentur ex umbricis, sabinis, oscis, volscis, etruscis aliisque monumentis quae supersunt, Lausanne: ex Officina Regia 1867.
Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
Morandi 1982 Alessandro Morandi, Epigrafia Italica, Roma: Bretschneider 1982.
Morandi 2004 Alessandro Morandi, Celti d'Italia. A cura di Paola Piana Agostinetti. Tomo II: Epigrafia e lingua dei Celti d'Italia [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 12.2], Roma: Spazio Tre 2004.
Rhŷs 1905-6 Sir John Rhŷs, The Celtic inscriptions of France and Italy [= Proceedings of the British Academy 2], London: British Academy 1905-6.
RIG Paul-Marie Duval, Recueil des inscriptions gauloises, Paris: Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 1988. (4 volumes)
Solinas 1994 Patrizia Solinas, "Il Celtico in Italia", Studi Etruschi 60 (1994 [1995]), 311-408.
Tibiletti Bruno 1981 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Le iscrizioni celtiche d'Italia", in: Enrico Campanile (Ed.), I Celti d'Italia, Pisa: Giardini 1981, 157-207.
Whatmough 1933 Joshua Whatmough, The Prae-Italic Dialects of Italy. Vol. 2, Part 3: The Raetic, Lepontic, Gallic, East-Italic, Messapic and Sicel inscriptions, Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press 1933.
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