Phonology

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Contents

Probable Phonemic System of Lepontic

Vowels

Short Long
Monophthongs
front back
open/high i u
mid e o
close/low a
front back
open/high ī ū
mid
close/low ā
Diphthongs
front back
open/high
mid e o, o
close/low a, a
front back
open/high ū
mid
close/low ā

Consonants

labial coronal dorsal
voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced
Plosive p pp? b (β)1 bb? t tt d (δ)1 dd? k kk g (γ)1 gg?
Affricate ts
Fricative φ? s3 χ
Nasal m mm n (ŋ)2 nn
Trill r rr
Lateral l ll
Approximant 4

1) possibly intervocalic allophone?   2) allophone before tectals   3) alveolar   4) palatal

Commentary

  • Phonological notation follows other conventions as phonetical, f. ex.:
phonological = phonetical
d d/ð
pp
ā aːj
j
w
  • regarding the tau gallicum phenomenon: Eska 1998b

Bibliography

Eska 1998b Joseph Francis Eska, "Tau Gallicum", Studia Celtica 32 (1998), 115-127.
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