TI·34.1

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Inscription
Reading in Transliteration: aui : pala : 
Reading in Original Script: separator3 sA13 sL sA13 sP sseparator3 sI sU10 sA13 s
Variant Reading: ?aui pala (Morandi), aui : pala : (Motta), aại : pala (Solinas, Giussani), ai : pala (Lejeune)

Object: TI·34 Capriasca (gravestone)Latitude: 46.067286
Longitude: 8.965801

(Inscriptions: TI·34.1, TI·34.2, TI·34.3)
Position: front
Orientation: 270°
Frame: roundtop and bottomtop and bottom?  (left: round, middle: top and bottom, right: unknown)
Direction of Writing: sinistroverse
Script: North Italic Script
Number of Letters: 7 - 8
Number of Words: 2
Number of Lines: 1
Workmanship: carved
Condition: damaged, fragmentary

Archaeological Culture: Golasecca III A
Date of Inscription: 5th / 4th century BC
Date derived from: palaeography

Type: funerary
Language: Lepontic
Syntactic Analysis: NPOBindir NPSUB
Meaning: "Grave(stone) for Auos"

Alternative Sigla: Whatmough 1933 (PID): 268 a
Solinas 1994: 27 Aa
Motta 2000: 5 A1
Morandi 2004: 32 Aa

Sources: Morandi 2004: 538 & 536 (fig. 9.32A)
Motta 2000: 200
Solinas 1994: 331
Lejeune 1971: 81

Images

Commentary

The inscription is located inside of a schematic human figurine, the left side is certainly complete (cf. Tibiletti Bruno 1997: 1005-1006). After the punctuation marks, where the head of the figurine starts, the inscription ends. Since this inscription is younger than the other one on the same side of the gravestone and therefore can not be a part of it, the punctuation marks after pala are probably to be understood as a mark of the end of the sentence. (Motta 2000: 200)

Bibliography

Crivelli 1943 Aldo Crivelli, Atlante Preistorico e Storico della Svizzera Italiana, Bellinzona: Istituto Editoriale Ticinese 1943. (2 volumes)
De Marinis & Motta 1990-1 Raffaele Carlo De Marinis, Filippo Motta, "Una Nuova Iscrizione Lepontica su Pietra da Mezzovico (Lugano). Aspetti Epigrafici e Inquadramento Cronologico", Sibrium 21 (1990-1991), 201-225.
Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
Morandi 2004 Alessandro Morandi, Celti d'Italia. A cura di Paola Piana Agostinetti. Tomo II: Epigrafia e lingua dei Celti d'Italia [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 12.2], Roma: Spazio Tre 2004.
Motta 2000 Filippo Motta, "La documentazione epigrafica e linguistica", in: Raffaele Carlo De Marinis, Simonetta Biaggio Simona (Eds.), I Leponti tra mito e realtà, Locarno: Gruppo Archeologia Ticino 2000, 181–222.
Rhŷs 1913 Sir John Rhŷs, The Celtic inscriptions of Cisalpine Gaul [= Proceedings of the British Academy 6], London: British Academy 1913.
Rhŷs 1914 Sir John Rhŷs, Gleanings in the Italian field of Celtic epigraphy [= Proceedings of the British Academy 6], London: British Academy 1914, 315-369.
Solinas 1994 Patrizia Solinas, "Il Celtico in Italia", Studi Etruschi 60 (1994 [1995]), 311-408.
Tibiletti Bruno 1973-5 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Problemi Epigrafico-Linguistici del Ticino e della Lombardia Preromani", Sibrium 12 (1973-1975), 47-57.
Tibiletti Bruno 1978 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Ligure Leponzio e Gallico", in: Aldo Luigi Prosdocimi (Ed.), Lingue e dialetti dell'Italia antica [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 6/1], Roma: Biblioteca di Storia Patria 1978, 131-208.
Tibiletti Bruno 1997 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "A proposito di una nuova iscrizione in grafia "leponzia" (et repetita iuvant)", in: Riccardo Ambrosini, Maria Patrizia Bologna, Filippo Motta, Chatia Orlandi (Eds.), Scríbthair a ainm n-ogaim. Scritti in Memoria di Enrico Campanile, Pisa: Pacini Editore 1997. (2 volumes), 1003-1022.
Whatmough 1933 Joshua Whatmough, The Prae-Italic Dialects of Italy. Vol. 2, Part 3: The Raetic, Lepontic, Gallic, East-Italic, Messapic and Sicel inscriptions, Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press 1933.
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