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Maximum number of loops have been performed
Maximum number of loops have been performed
Attestation: VA·6 (pelkui : pruiam : teu : karite : iṣ́ọs : kalite : palaṃ[) (1)
Language: Lepontic
Word Type: verb

Grammatical Categories:

Person: 3rd
Number: sg.
Tense: past

Morphemic Analysis: gari-t-e Attention, needs to be checked!
Phonemic Analysis: garite Attention, needs to be checked!
Meaning: he/she constructed (erected?)


karite < *kŗ-i̯e-t with affixed 3rd person singular perfect ending -e (cf. Eska & Evans 2009: 37, Lejeune 1971: 93-96, Eska & Mercado 2005: 164-165, Meid 1999: 14, Eska 1990: 81-91 (t-preterite), Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 141, 167); stem *ker- < her- "grasp, enclose" (Lejeune 1971: 90-91, Eska & Mercado 2005: 164); Tibiletti Bruno (Tibiletti Bruno 1967: 19-21, fn. 14, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 141) puts forward a comparison of this verb with a Nordic form; < *kwer- "make" as proposed by Pisani (1964: 285) cannot be correct, since */kw/ > /p/ (Eska & Mercado 2005: 164); < *kerhx- "scatter, pour out", transl. "put / set up", cf. OIr. ·cuirethar (Eska & Mercado 2005: 165). See also Eska 2007-8: 112, Motta 2000: 196-197, Meid 1999: 14-15 (both verbal forms on VA·6 could be transliterated karite, which would enlarge the semantic of the verb; in this case it could be seen as a parallel to the inscription of Todi (PG·1.2, PG·1.4), where the verbal form is also repeated for two different objects. Therefore see also kalite), McCone 1996: 69


Eska & Evans 2009 Joseph Francis Eska, David Ellis Evans, "Continental Celtic", in: Martin J. Ball, Nicole Müller (Eds.), The Celtic Languages, 2nd edition [= Routledge Language Family Series], London - New York: Routledge 2009.
Eska & Mercado 2005 Joseph Francis Eska, Angelo O. Mercado, "Observations on verbal art in ancient Vergiate", Historische Sprachforschung 118 (2005), 160-184.
Eska 1990 Joseph Francis Eska, "The so-called weak or dental preterite in Continental Celtic", Historische Sprachforschung 103 (1990), 81-91.
Eska 2007-8 Joseph Francis Eska, "Remarks on the 3. plural preterite in -us in Continental Celtic", Die Sprache 47/1 (2007-8), 108-119.
Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
McCone 1996 Kim McCone, Towards a relative chronology of ancient and medieval Celtic sound change, Maynooth: St. Patrick’s College, The Dept. of Old Irish 1996.
Meid 1999 Wolfgang Meid, "Altkeltische Sprachen II", Kratylos 44 (1999), 1-19.
Motta 2000 Filippo Motta, "La documentazione epigrafica e linguistica", in: Raffaele Carlo De Marinis, Simonetta Biaggio Simona (Eds.), I Leponti tra mito e realtà, Locarno: Gruppo Archeologia Ticino 2000, 181–222.
Pisani 1964 Vittore Pisani, Le lingue dell'Italia antica oltre il latino, 2nd, revised edition [= Manuale storico della lingua latina 4], Torino: Rosenberg & Sellier 1964.
Tibiletti Bruno 1967 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Nordico e Leponzio-Ligure", Rendiconti dell'Istituto Lombardo di Scienza e Letteratura 101 (1967), 13-38.
Tibiletti Bruno 1978 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Ligure Leponzio e Gallico", in: Aldo Luigi Prosdocimi (Ed.), Lingue e dialetti dell'Italia antica [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 6/1], Roma: Biblioteca di Storia Patria 1978, 131-208.