pruiam

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Citation Form: pruia*
Attestation: VA·6 (pelkui : pruiam : teu : karite : iṣ́ọs : kalite : palaṃ[) (1)
Language: Lepontic
Word Type: noun

Grammatical Categories:

Case: acc.
Number: sg.
Stem Class: i̯ā

Morphemic Analysis: bru-i̯ām Attention, needs to be checked!
Phonemic Analysis: bruām
Meaning: "funerary construction" ("grave?")

Commentary

< *bhruw-yā from *bhrū (designation for "construction", f. ex. "bridge": Sax. bruggia, Gaul. brīva < *bhrēw-ā. Cf. Lejeune 1971: 89-90, fn. 315, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 141, DLG: 89-90, Pisani 1964: 286, De Vries 1962 (Altnordisches etymol. Wörterbuch, 2nd ed.): 59, for a detailed discussion and comparison with Nordic forms see Tibiletti Bruno 1967: 19-33); OIr. brú lit. "eyebrow", metaphor. "edge, border", declension unknown (could be translated as "border of a burial precinct" Eska & Mercado 2005: 163-164)). See also Eska 2009: 24, Motta 2000: 196, Meid 1999: 14, Matasović 2009: 79, CCCG: 12, VKG: 62.

Bibliography

CCCG Henry Lewis, Holger Pedersen, A Concise Comparative Celtic Grammar, 3rd edition with the supplement of 1961 by Henry Lewis, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1989 [reprint of 1974].
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Eska & Mercado 2005 Joseph Francis Eska, Angelo O. Mercado, "Observations on verbal art in ancient Vergiate", Historische Sprachforschung 118 (2005), 160-184.
Eska 2009 Joseph Francis Eska, "The emergence of the Celtic languages", in: Martin J. Ball, Nicole Müller (Eds.), The Celtic Languages, 2nd edition [= Routledge Language Family Series], London - New York: Routledge 2009, 22-27.
Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
Matasović 2009 Ranko Matasović, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic [= Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series 9], Leiden - Boston: Brill 2009.
Meid 1999 Wolfgang Meid, "Altkeltische Sprachen II", Kratylos 44 (1999), 1-19.
Motta 2000 Filippo Motta, "La documentazione epigrafica e linguistica", in: Raffaele Carlo De Marinis, Simonetta Biaggio Simona (Eds.), I Leponti tra mito e realtà, Locarno: Gruppo Archeologia Ticino 2000, 181–222.
Pisani 1964 Vittore Pisani, Le lingue dell'Italia antica oltre il latino, 2nd, revised edition [= Manuale storico della lingua latina 4], Torino: Rosenberg & Sellier 1964.
Tibiletti Bruno 1967 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Nordico e Leponzio-Ligure", Rendiconti dell'Istituto Lombardo di Scienza e Letteratura 101 (1967), 13-38.
Tibiletti Bruno 1978 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Ligure Leponzio e Gallico", in: Aldo Luigi Prosdocimi (Ed.), Lingue e dialetti dell'Italia antica [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 6/1], Roma: Biblioteca di Storia Patria 1978, 131-208.
VKG Holger Pedersen, Vergleichende Grammatik der keltischen Sprachen, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1913. (2 volumes)

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