takos

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Attestation: BS·5 (takos), NO·21.2 (takoṣ : toutas : p̣ụ[ / ]ṇ?ḳ??tesaso : poikaṇị) (2)
Language: Cisalpine Gaulish
Word Type: noun

Grammatical Categories:

Case: nom.
Number: sg.
Gender: masc.
Stem Class: o

Morphemic Analysis: tank-os, dag-os
Phonemic Analysis: tankos, dagos
Meaning: 1) "giudice, decree", 2) "peace" or 3) "good"

Commentary

1) NO·21.2 (takoṣ : toutas : p̣ụ[ / ]ṇ?ḳ??tesaso : poikaṇị) tank-os < *tangos meaning "decree" or "giudice" (cp. Lejeune 1971: 40, fn. 94, fn. 95, Uhlich 2007: 386-387, Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 191, Tibiletti Bruno 1989: 105);
2) BS·5 (takos) name tanko- "peace" or dago- "good" (Uhlich 2007: 387, Motta 1992: 314-315, DLG: 289, 134, Delamarre 2007: 233, 218, GPN: 261, 188); altern. tagos "commander, chief, city official" (Markey & Mees 2003: 131, Delamarre 2007: 233, DLG: 431).
For phonology discussion see Uhlich 2007: 388, fn. 33; see also Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 187, Prósper 2002: 164 fn. 91, Prósper 2007: 84, cf. Tanco-rix Sims-Williams 2003: 172, Matasović 2009: 369, IEW: 1068, Dago-: Schrijver 1995: 58, 311, CCCG: 2, 29, VKG: 35, 39, Stüber 2005: 73, 84

Bibliography

CCCG Henry Lewis, Holger Pedersen, A Concise Comparative Celtic Grammar, 3rd edition with the supplement of 1961 by Henry Lewis, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1989 [reprint of 1974].
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
GPN David Ellis Evans, Gaulish Personal Names. A Study of Continental Celtic Formations., Oxford: Clarendon Press 1967.
IEW Julius Pokorny, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, Bern: Francke 1959.
Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
Markey & Mees 2003 Thomas L. Markey, Bernard Mees, "Prestino, patrimony and the Plinys", Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 53 (2003), 116-167.
Matasović 2009 Ranko Matasović, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic [= Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series 9], Leiden - Boston: Brill 2009.
Motta 1992 Filippo Motta, "Vues présentes sur le celtique cisalpin", Études Celtiques 29 (1992), 311-318.
Prósper 2002 Blanca María Prósper, Lenguas y religiones prerromanas del occidente de la península Ibérica [= Acta salmanticensia, Estudios filológicos 295], Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca 2002.
Prósper 2007 Blanca María Prósper, Estudio lingüístico del plomo celtibérico de Iniesta [= Acta salmanticensia, Estudios filológicos 319], Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca 2007.
Schrijver 1995 Peter Schrijver, Studies in British Celtic Historical Phonology [= Leiden Studies in Indo-European 5], Amsterdam - Atlanta, GA: Rodopi 1995.
Sims-Williams 2003 Patrick Sims-Williams, The Celtic inscriptions of Britain. phonology and chronology, c. 400-1200 [= Publications of the Philological Society 37], Oxford, Boston: Blackwell 2003.
Stüber 2005 Karin Stüber, Schmied und Frau. Studien zur gallischen Epigraphik und Onomastik [= Archaeolingua, Series minor 19], Budapest: Archaeolingua Alapítvány 2005.
Tibiletti Bruno 1978 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Ligure Leponzio e Gallico", in: Aldo Luigi Prosdocimi (Ed.), Lingue e dialetti dell'Italia antica [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 6/1], Roma: Biblioteca di Storia Patria 1978, 131-208.
Tibiletti Bruno 1981 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Le iscrizioni celtiche d'Italia", in: Enrico Campanile (Ed.), I Celti d'Italia, Pisa: Giardini 1981, 157-207.
Tibiletti Bruno 1989 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Storia Linguistica Preromana nel Comasco", Rivista Archeologica della Provincia di Como 171 (1989), 77-118.
Uhlich 2007 Jürgen Uhlich, "More on the linguistic classification of Lepontic", in: Pierre-Yves Lambert, George-Jean Pinault (eds.), Gaulois et celtique continental [= École pratique des hautes études. Sciences historiques et philologiques. III. Hautes études du monde gréco-romain 39], Genève: Librairie Droz 2007, 373-411.
VKG Holger Pedersen, Vergleichende Grammatik der keltischen Sprachen, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1913. (2 volumes)

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