uerkalai

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Citation Form: uerkala*
Attestation: TI·36.1 (slaniai : uerkalai : pala) (1)
Language: Lepontic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: patronymic

Grammatical Categories:

Case: dat.
Number: sg.
Gender: fem.
Stem Class: ā

Morphemic Analysis: u̯erk-al-āi̯ or u̯er-k-al-āi̯
Phonemic Analysis: erkalā or ergalā
Cognates: Verco, Vercus
Meaning: for the daughter of Verkos*

Commentary

Patronymic derived from *u̯erko-, which maybe is a hypochorism of a compound of u̯er-ko(m)- (like Vercombogios, Vercondaridubnos, *uper- > u̯er-); or derived from *u̯erko- like Vercius, Verko etc. (Lejeune 1971: 51, 62, fn. 192, 81-82, Evans 1972: 181, Eska 1998c: 69 n. 16, Uhlich 1999: 279, Motta 2000: 201, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 135, Holder 1896-1907: III 182-, KGP: 291, Villar & Prósper 2005: 214). Cf. uerko- (Delamarre 2007: 195, 196, 236, Stüber 2005: 60, 68, 70) or uergo- ? (DLG: 315, Delamarre 2007: 236).

Prósper (2008: 74 fn. 15) compares uerkalai with anthroponyms from the Iberian Peninsula: Cib. urkala (K.1.3), Vrcalonis (Cáceres), Vrcaloco (Burgos), Vrcala (Toledo), under the hypothesis that CC *u̯er < PC *uφer < PIE *Huper had ultimately resulted in /ur/ in pretonic position in Celtiberian (via the intermediate stages *u̯or and *u̯ur). Since, however, -al in Lep. uerkalai is the patronymic suffix and is exclusive to this language (which also Prósper points out), the Lepontic and Hispano-Celtic names cannot be compared.

Cf. uerkou, uericou.

Bibliography

Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Eska 1998c Josef Francis Eska, "PIE *p (doesn't become) Ø in proto Celtic", Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 58 (1998), 63-80.
Evans 1972 David Ellis Evans, "A Comparison of the Formation of Some Continental and Early Insular Celtic Personal Names", Études Celtiques 13 (1972-1973), 171-193.
Holder 1896-1907 Alfred Holder, Alt-Celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896-1907. (3 volumes)
KGP Karl Horst Schmidt, "Die Komposition in gallischen Personennamen", Zeitschrift für Celtische Philologie 26 (1957), 33–301.
Lejeune 1971 Michel Lejeune, Lepontica, Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres" 1971. (reprint of the article "Documents gaulois et para-gaulois de Cisalpine", Études Celtiques 12/2, 1970-1, pp. 357-500)
Motta 2000 Filippo Motta, "La documentazione epigrafica e linguistica", in: Raffaele Carlo De Marinis, Simonetta Biaggio Simona (Eds.), I Leponti tra mito e realtà, Locarno: Gruppo Archeologia Ticino 2000, 181–222.
Prósper 2008 Blanca María Prósper, El bronce celtibérico de Botorrita · I [= Ricerche sulle lingue di frammentaria attestazione 6], Pisa - Roma: Fabrizio Serra Editore 2008.
Stüber 2005 Karin Stüber, Schmied und Frau. Studien zur gallischen Epigraphik und Onomastik [= Archaeolingua, Series minor 19], Budapest: Archaeolingua Alapítvány 2005.
Tibiletti Bruno 1978 Maria Grazia Tibiletti Bruno, "Ligure Leponzio e Gallico", in: Aldo Luigi Prosdocimi (Ed.), Lingue e dialetti dell'Italia antica [= Popoli e civiltà dell'Italia antica 6/1], Roma: Biblioteca di Storia Patria 1978, 131-208.
Uhlich 1999 Jürgen Uhlich, "Zur sprachlichen Einordnung des Lepontischen", in: Stefan Zimmer, Rolf Ködderitzsch, Arndt Wigger (Eds.), Akten des zweiten deutschen Keltologensymposiums (Bonn, 2.–4. April 1997) [= Buchreihe der Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 17], Tübingen: Niemeyer 1999, 277-304.
Villar & Prósper 2005 Francisco Villar, Blanca María Prósper, Vascos, Celtas e Indoeuropeos. Genes y lenguas [= Acta salmanticensia, Estudios filológicos 307], Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca 2005.

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