Universität Wien
  • Solid-State Spectroscopy
  • Solid-state spectroscopy has been developed in order to analyze electronic, optical, magnetic, and dynamical properties of solids. Even though the roots of this technique go back to atomic and molecular spectroscopy, special properties of solid phases must be considered. Such properties originate from the nature of the quasiparticles to be studied. In contrast to molecules and atoms, quasiparticles in solids exhibit a dispersion which renders the response functions dependent on energy and momentum. Since solids also exhibit localized states, molecular spectroscopy or even atomic spectroscopy is relevant as well.
    Solid-state spectroscopy uses a wide variety of different particles or quasiparticles as probes, covering the electromagnetic radiation from several Hz to gamma-quanta with frequencies up to 10^21 Hz, electrons, positrons, muons, neutrons, protons, and even heavier atoms or ions. Each probe needs its own experimental technique and is specified to unravel particular properties of the solid.
  • A comprehensive description of fundamentals, techniques, and applications of solid-state spectroscopy can be found in:
  • H. Kuzmany, Solid State Spectroscopy, an Introduction
    Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1998