Scattering&Spectroscopy
Universität Wien

Template Grown Molecular Nanomaterials (NANOTEMP)
Maskengewachsene Molekulare Nanomaterialien

Research and Training Network of the EU, 5th Frame Program

Contract no: HPRN-CT-2002-00192

Extension: 01.10.2002 – 30.09.2006

Consortium:

Responsible Person (function) St Organization Skils & Research
Activities
Other contact persons
Prof. M. Green (C) UK Univ. Oxford Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry [UOXFDH] TEM, filling tubes with anorganics

J. Sloan
K. Coleman

Prof. H. Kuzmany (P) A Univ. Wien, Inst. für Materialphysik [UniWien] Raman, Infrared AFM/STM/STS,
Small diameter tubes
M. Hulman
Prof. W. Blau (P) IRE Trinity College, Dublin [TCD] Preparation of CNT
Composite material
J. Coleman
Prof. M. Kappes (P) D Univ. Karlsruhe, Inst. f. Physikalische Chemie [UniKarl] Electrophorese, purification, separation, N. Krupke
Prof. M. Ledoux (P) F Univ. Louis Pasteur, Lab. Des Materiaux, Strassburg, [LMSPC] Synthesis, dispersion of metal salts  
Prof. D. Michailovic (P) SI Inst. Josef Stefan, Laibach, [IJS] Noncarbon NTs
Structure, Raman, mag. resonance
 
Prof. L. Forro (P) CH EPF Lausanne, Depart. de Physique, [SFIT] Inorganic fullerenes
Mech. Prop. of NTs
 

Project objectives

The proposed programme is essentially curiosity-driven, interdisciplinary research designed to generate new fundamental knowledge in relatively unexplored classes of materials. However, it is clear that the research could lead to potentially exploitable results in a number of areas. One of the major scientific goals of the 21st century will be the implementation of quantum computation, and these ultra-fine scale nanostructures may well hold the key to successful architectures for such devices. A wider range of applications in nanoscale electronic, optical and magnetic devices can also be envisaged, ranging from ultra-small switching devices, logic elements, gates, and computer memories, to single-molecule sensing devices with built-in electronic readout facilities. More speculative applications lie at the interface between the physical and biological sciences, and might involve the development of artificial linkages between biological molecules. The production of new hybrid bioelectronic devices that will exploit both the subtlety and efficiency of biological processes and the speed of operation of more conventional semiconductor and metallic circuitry might also become possible. Entirely new applications may of course arise, which lie completely outside any of the areas so far envisaged.
The project will deal with the preparation, characterization and handling of selected species of molecular nano-structures. The proposed studies encompass two intrinsically linked facets of template mediated synthesis. Firstly, template effects in the production of carbon (and other) nanotubes and structures will be investigated and secondly, the use of these architectures as templates for new nanoscale materials.

Objective 1. Investigations into the synthesis and properties of nano-materials including:

• Factors influencing the synthesis of carbon and other nano-structures, including;
- Effect of metal template/experimental conditions on synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNT’s).
- Selective control of diameter and length of CNT’s, including very large and very small diameter single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT’s).
- Synthesis of non-carbon based nano-architectures (inorganic fullerenes; IF’s).
• Purification of CNT’s and other nano-materials including methods to produce pure samples of regulated length and diameter.
• The establishment of standardized criteria for characterization of nano-structures.
• Correlation of geometry and characterization data to physical properties of nano-structures.

Objective 2. The preparation of new nano-materials and nano-architectures from templates prepared in 1 will be undertaken, including:

• Nano-materials inside CNT templates (filling) including metals, semiconductors and organic compounds.
• Nano-materials outside CNT and related templates (coating and decorating).
- New smart polymers and composites incorporating CNT templates.
- Nano-structured catalyst supports.
- New inorganic nano-structures from CNT’s.
- Metal nano-clusters in C60 crystals.
• Nano-materials from inorganic fullerenes (filling and decorating).
• New composite materials incorporating CNT’s, including new polymer materials.

Objective 3. Characterization of and investigation of the physical properties of new nano-materials and nano-architectures.

Objective 4 Optimization of the physical properties and synthesis of new nano- materials suitable for commercial applications.

It is the intention of the NANOTEMP network that Objectives 3 and 4 will be undertaken in close consultation with appropriate European industries to be identified during the course of the research programme.