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PK AS 7I

Other press marks:Pelliot Koutchéen Ancienne Série 7I; K 9

Provenience

Main find spot:Duldur-Akhur
Expedition code:496
Collection:Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds Pelliot Koutchéen (Paris)

Language and Script

Language:TB
Linguistic stage:Classical
Add. linguistic characteristics:With archaic forms
Script:Classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Karmavibhaṅga
Parallel texts:Mahākarmavibhaṅga §§ 60-61, 63-65 (Lévi 1932: 79-88, 142-144)
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine
Verse/Prose:Verse

Object

Manuscript:Karmavibhaṅga β
Leaf number:39
Preceding fragment:PK AS 7H
Following fragment:PK AS 7J
Material:Ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Size (h × w):8,2 × 37 cm
Number of lines:6
Interline spacing:1,3 cm
Remarks:The fragment PK AS 7H immediately precedes this one, PK AS 7J follows.

Images

PK AS 7I Recto PK AS 7I Verso

Images loaded from gallica.bnf.fr by courtesy of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des Manuscrits, Pelliot koutchéen.

Transliteration

a1ntra s(··)m(·)na taisā(·) r(· ·)[tā]na : śak y[o]l(·)[n](· –)[mo]rnta eṅkormeṃ tuntse ṣarmtsa toṃ : śak wäntarwaṃts\ sparkālñe kal[pā]st[ra] parnāññanantso 8 śak no weñ(·) ///
a2lmeṃ weñenta : ñäkteṃts ñakte kaṣṣintse poyśints(·) pat wināṣlñemeṃ : cmelane kartse-ere masketra kartse-weśeññai : eṅkalle masketar-ne reki ///
a3rtsi[y](·)ne krui yopaṃ wertsya cpi ○ yamas̝s̝aṃ yarke : lāre no s̝pa masketra śāmnantso ślek ra ñäktentso : oro[tse] cpī masketra cämpa[m]ñe ///
a4[c]ä[m](·· ··)e(··)e(·) [k]o= nolmempa kanma○stra ṣesa 10 pūdñäktempa kalpās̝s̝aṃ ṣe śamtsi bodhisātvempa : wrotsana ekñiññenta yänmās̝s̝aṃ ne(··)[e] ///
a5tanmas(– –)sārmeṃ ramer tsalpetra : śak parkāwnta toṃ maskentra kuse pat winās̝s̝aṃ 11 śak parkāwänta kṣ[ā]tre ailñesa yänmās̝s̝aṃ wnolme : cmela(·)e ///
a6ttre tatākau : snai palśalñe masketra kektseñ[t](·)a (·)ai(– –)l(··)osa : pos= oṃṣap su masketra mā cewsa masketr aus̝ap ksa 12 orotse masketar-ne ///
b1cämpamñecceṃ orocceṃ wnolmempa rittetra eṣe [ñ](· – – ·)t(·) pūdñäkteṃ poyśiṃmpa bodhisatvempa : ṣesa śmalñe kalpās̝s̝aṃ wnolme sū c[ew] kr(·)nt yāmo ///
b2ññe īk(·) s̝pa kalpās̝s̝anano-nano : kamarttāññeṣṣe īke eṅtsiśc s̝ap yamastra yāmor\ : kakraupau s̝pa masketra yāmor cpī kṣātr= aiṣṣeñcantse : o[ro] ///
b3[e](·)ñ(·)ññenta [s̝pa] 14 iña○kteṃ sū tanmastra nemce= ksa cew krent yāmorsa : ramer no s̝pa saṃsārmeṃ tsalpetra yekte skeyentsa : toṃ pa ///
b4yä[r]p[o]ssu wnolm(·) : kaṣṣintse pū○dñäktentse patstsa kuse yamas̝aṃ kṣāttre 15 śak parkāwänta kulantse āyorsa poyśintse patne : tu ñke [w]e ///
b5śceścam(·)s̝ palskosa : kartse-reki masketra wnolme sū kartse-weśeññai : palskonta kātkaṣṣeñca weśeñña masketar-ne s̝pa 16 cäñcarya cpī maske ///
b6ṣ(··)i katkauñai māka (– –) [ma]sketar su c[m]ela[n]e [w](·)olme : katkauñaṣṣana plātaṃ rekauna su ṣek-ṣek\ klyaus̝aṃ : amiśkaññe erṣeñcai reki sū mā nemce= klyaus̝aṃ ///

Transcription

(continues from PK AS 7H)

...(snai okonta mä)-
a1-nträ s(ar)m(a)na taisā(k) r(a s)tāna : śak yol(ai)n(a yā)mornta eṅkormeṃ tuntse ṣarmtsa toṃ : śak wäntarwaṃts spärkālñe kälpāsträ pärnāññanantso 8 śak no weñ(a pärkāwnta pudñäkte śpā)-
a2-lmeṃ weñenta : ñäkteṃts ñakte käṣṣintse poyśints(e) pat wināṣlñemeṃ : cmelane kärtse-ere mäsketrä kärtse-weśeññai : eṅkälle mäsketär-ne reki (klyauṣälñesa po) (we)-
a3-rtsiy(ai)ne krui yopäṃ wertsya cpi yamaṣṣäṃ yarke : lāre no ṣpä mäsketrä śāmnantso ślek ra ñäktentso : orotse cpī mäsketrä cämpamñe /// (wrocceṃ)
a4cäm(pamñ)e(cc)e(ṃ) ko= nolmempa känmasträ ṣesa 10 pūdñäktempa kälpāṣṣäṃ ṣe śamtsi bodhisātvempa : wrotsana ekñiññenta yänmāṣṣäṃ ne(mc)e(k iñakteṃ :) cew yāmorsa)
a5tänmas(trä saṃ)sārmeṃ ramer tsälpeträ : śak pärkāwnta toṃ mäskenträ kuse pat wināṣṣäṃ 11 śak pärkāwänta kṣātre ailñesa yänmāṣṣäṃ wnolme : cmela(n)e (su mäsketrä śaiṣṣentse kṣā)-
a6-ttre tatākau : snai pälśalñe mäsketrä kektseñt(s)a (t)ai(sa pa)l(sk)osa : pos= oṃṣap su mäsketrä cewsa mäsketr auṣäp ksa 12 orotse mäsketär-ne (cämpamñe) ///
b1cämpamñecceṃ orocceṃ wnolmempa ritteträ eṣe ñ(äkteṃts ñak)t(e) pūdñäkteṃ poyśiṃmpa bodhisatvempa : ṣesa śmalñe kälpāṣṣäṃ wnolme cew kr(e)nt yāmo(rsa 13 cakravartti-lantu)-
b2-ññe īk(e) ṣpä kälpāṣṣäṃ näno-näno : kamarttāññeṣṣe īke eṅtsiśc ṣäp yamasträ yāmor : kakraupau ṣpä mäsketrä yāmor cpī kṣātr= aiṣṣeñcantse : oro(tsana śaiṣṣene yänmāṣṣäṃ)
b3e(k)ñ(i)ññenta ṣpä 14 iñakteṃ tänmasträ nemce= ksa cew krent yāmorsa : ramer no ṣpä saṃsārmeṃ tsälpeträ yekte skeyentsa : toṃ pä(rkāwnta śak śpālmeṃ yänmāṣṣäṃ)
b4yärpossu wnolm(e) : käṣṣintse pūdñäktentse patstsa kuse yamaṣäṃ kṣāttre 15 śak pärkāwänta kulantse āyorsa poyśintse patne : tu ñke we(ñau aurtsesa pklyauṣso)
b5śceścam(o)ṣ pälskosa : kärtse-reki mäsketrä wnolme kärtse-weśeññai : pälskonta kātkäṣṣeñca weśeñña mäsketär-ne ṣpä 16 cäñcarya cpī mäske(tär plāce po wertsyaisa klyau)-
b6-ṣ(ts)i katkauñai māka (ertsi) mäsketär su cmelane w(n)olme : katkauñaṣṣana plātäṃ rekauna su ṣek-ṣek klyauṣäṃ : amiśkäññe erṣeñcai reki nemce= klyauṣäṃ (: 17 ekñiññenta yänmā)-
...-(ṣṣäṃ)

(continues on PK AS 7J)

Translation

(continues from PK AS 7H)

a1The grains [lit. seeds] [and] the trees in that way also become (without fruits). [8b] Having held on to the ten bad deeds, for that reason [8c] one obtains the dissolution of the ten external things. [8d] But the (Buddha lord), the excellent speaker, has told
a2ten (advantages), [9a] caused by the reverence for a stūpa of the omniscient, of the teacher, the lord among the gods. [9b] He [= the pious one] becomes of good appearance in his rebirth [and] of good voice. [9c] (Everyone) is to be convinced by (hearing) his word. [9d]
a3If he enters into an assembly, the assembly pays homage to him, [10a] and he is dear to humans and to gods likewise. [10b] The power of this one [= the pious one] is great ..., [10c]
a4he comes together with (great), p(owerful) beings for sure; [10d] he succeeds in coming together with the buddhas [and] with the bodhisattvas; [11a] he obtains great possessions. Certainly indeed (among the gods [11b] through this deed)
a5he is reborn, from the saṃsāra he is soon redeemed. [11c] These [= the preceding points] are the ten advantages for the one who reveres a stūpa. [11d] A being [also] obtains ten advantages through the giving of a parasol. (This one) in [his] rebirth will (become)
a6a parasol (for the world). [12b] He becomes without torment with respect to the body [and] likewise with respect to the mind. [12c] This one becomes superior to all, nobody becomes superior to him. [12d] His (power) is great, ... [13a]
b1he establishes relationship with powerful, great beings. [13b] With the omniscients, the buddhas, the lo(rds among the go)ds [and] with the bodhisattvas, [13c] this being succeeds in coming together through this good deed. [13d]
b2And he reaches the position of a (Cakravartin) king again and again, [14a] and the deed is done in order to get the position of a ruler, [14b] and the deed is accumulated for the one who gives a parasol. [14c] And (one obtains gr)eat
b3possessions (in the world). [14d] This one is certainly reborn among the gods through that good deed, [15a] and soon he is redeemed from the saṃsāra with few efforts. [15b] These (ten excellent advanta)ges (obtains)
b4the meritorious being, [15c] who makes [the offering of] a parasol on a stūpa of the Buddha lord, the teacher. [15d] Ten advantages [come] through the giving of a bell in a stūpa of the omniscient. [16a] That I will now (tell in detail. Listen [pl.])
b5with a steady mind! [16b] This being is of good speech, of good voice, [16c] and his voice makes the minds rejoice, [16d] his (talk) is charming to hear (by every assembly).
b6[17a] This being is able to (evoke) much joy in his rebirths. [17b] This one always indeed hears joyful talks [and] words, [17c] he certainly does not hear speech that evokes bad feelings. [17d]

(continues on PK AS 7J)

Philological commentary

The meter is 4 x 15 (7/8 or 8/7).

a4. The middle part of pāda 10d is badly damaged. The restoration by Sieg 1938: 41-42 followed by Schmidt KT 1974: 473 is not warranted by the manuscript since a reading [k]o is more probable than [s]o. In any case one has to assume sandhi across colon boundary in order to get a correct verse.

a5. The second colon of pāda 11d has two syllables too few. In any case one needs a demonstrative pronoun to which the relative clause refers. One may then propose to add cwi and maybe a particle.

b6. The whole pāda as attested seems to be metrically wrong: the second colon has nine syllables; therefore Sieg 1938: 44 restored spä in order to get the six missing syllables in the first colon, but at the expense of the rhythm, which should either be 4 + 3 or 3 + 4. The first problem can be solved by reading the verse form mäsketär. The second problem requires the restoration of a word to be constructed with katkauñai as direct object. Pace Sieg, it is impossible to analyze the form as a kind of bahuvrīhi.

Linguistic commentary

As is often the case in this manuscript, we have several attestations of o-mobile in colon- or pāda-final position. Note also the preservation of the cluster śc in the PPt śceścamoṣ (b5); this is consistent with the preservation of the same cluster in the allative affix -śc if there is no o-mobile. Interestingly, we find the two variants oṃṣap and auṣap of the same adverb in the same line (oṃṣap is the older one; see Peyrot 2008: 91-92). On the other hand, we have a hypercorrect form in patstsa (b4 for patsa, the perlative singular of pat). It may be morphologically motivated in order to reinforce the perlative affix and to avoid homophony with patsa ‘pollen’. But note that hypercorrect geminate tsts is also otherwise found for etymological ts in late texts.

Several times anusvāra is missing in oblique plural forms.

a2. TB pat is the usual term for stūpa, but the corresponding Sanskrit text has the more general term caitya- ‘temple, shrine’. So pat here is used as a pars pro toto.

References

Lévi 1933: 93-95, 104-105; Sieg 1938: 40-44; Couvreur 1949: 76-79.
Translation: a3 Meunier 2013: 125–126; a3-4 Peyrot 2013: 688; a4-5 Peyrot 2013: 689.

Editor

Georges-Jean Pinault (in collaboration with Melanie Malzahn and Michaël Peyrot)

Date of online publication: February 2012

Bibliography

Couvreur 1949

Couvreur, Walter, 1949: "Zur tocharischen Etymologie I", IF 60, 33-37.

Lévi 1932

Lévi, Sylvain, 1932: Mahākarmavibhaṅga (La grande classification des actes) et Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa (Discussion sur le Mahā Karmavibhaṅga), Paris: Ernest Leroux.

Lévi 1933

Lévi, Sylvain, 1933: Fragments de textes koutchéens. Udānavarga, Udānastotra, Udānālaṁkāra et Karmavibhaṅga, publiés et traduits avec un vocabulaire et une introduction sur le «tokharien» par M. Sylvain Lévi, Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.

Meunier 2013

Meunier, Fanny, 2013: 'Typologie des locutions en yām- du tokharien', Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 14, 123–185.

Peyrot 2008

Peyrot, Michaël, 2008: Variation and change in Tocharian B, Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi (Leiden Studies in Indo-European 15).

Peyrot 2013

Peyrot, Michaël, 2013: The Tocharian subjunctive, A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. (Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics 8.) Leiden / Boston: Brill.

Schmidt KT 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T., 1974: Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen, Univ. Göttingen.

Sieg 1938

Sieg, Emil, 1938: "Die Kutschischen Karmavibhaṅga-Texte der Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris", Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 65, 1-54.

http://www.univie.ac.at/tocharian/?PK AS 7I
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