ÖNB-Exemplar des Mainzer Psalters (1457) ebenfalls Teil des kulturellen Welterbes

Ebenfalls in das Memory of the World-Register der UNESCO ein­ge­tra­gen wurde das ÖNB-Exemplar (ÖNB Ink 4.B.1) - eines von zehn welt­weit! - des Mainzer Psalters (Mainz: Johann Fust und Peter Schöffer, 14 August 1457), eines der her­aus­ra­gen­den frü­hen Druckzeugnisse.

Psalterium : Mit Ordinarium offi­cii, Cantica, Tedeum, Symbolum Athanasianum, Allerheiligenlitanei, Collectae und Orationes. Im Anhang Totenoffizium und Hymnar
[Mainz] : Johann Fust und Peter Schöffer
14. Aug. 1457
175 Bl. 20 Z. [a–k10 l8 m6 no10 p9 q11 r10 s11] : Notendruck, Rotdruck, Initialen in Farbdruck

Aus dem Summary der ÖNB:

On 14 August 1457, Peter Schöffer and his part­ner in busi­ness, Johann Fust, com­ple­ted an edi­tion of the psalms in their prin­ting work­shop in Mainz. With regard to its impact on the deve­lop­ment of book prin­ting, the Mainz Psalter comes a close second to the Gutenberg Bible: it is the ear­liest docu­ment of a prin­ted text fea­turing mul­ti­co­lou­red prin­ted decoration, and the first example of a book pro­du­ced ent­i­rely by means of mecha­ni­cal methods.

It was also the first time that a prin­ted volume car­ried a colo­phon con­tai­ning the work’s title, printer, and date of publi­ca­tion. Moreover, in the pre­sent case, it is exp­li­citly men­tio­ned in the colo­phon that the ent­ire book was pro­du­ced with the aid of prin­ting methods, inclu­ding the deco­ra­tion, which was no lon­ger added by book illu­mi­na­tors. Thus a com­plex pro­blem with regard to the effi­ci­ent pro­duc­tion of books had been sol­ved: for his prin­ted edi­tion of the Bible, Gutenberg had aban­do­ned initial tri­als with red print and pro­vi­ded for gaps in the text, such as for head­lines and initi­als, to be later fil­led by hand. In terms of both aes­the­tics and tech­no­logy, the Mainz Psalter, being the oldest book that was prin­ted throug­hout, rep­res­ents the per­fect pro­to­type with regard to the fur­ther deve­lop­ment of mul­ti­co­lour printing.

Only ten exam­ples of the Mainz Psalter have sur­vi­ved world­wide in two vari­ants, all of which are prin­ted on vel­lum. The copy owned by the Austrian National Library is the only com­plete example of the lar­ger edi­tion (175 sheets), and it is also the only one in which the colo­phon con­tains the com­bi­ned coat of arms of the Fust and Schöffer Press that was sub­se­quently used in many of the workshop’s prin­ted products.

As to both its con­cept and making, the pre­sent Psalter edi­tion, prin­ted in Mainz in 1475, was of emi­nent import­ance for the evo­lu­tion of modern Occidental history in terms of culture, media, and tech­no­logy at the tran­si­tion from the Middle Ages to the modern era.  Among the mate­rial ves­ti­ges of this pro­cess – the sur­vi­ving copies of the edi­tion in ques­tion – the Vienna example ide­ally lends its­elf to rese­arch. Once pre­ser­ved at the Habsburgs’ Innsbruck court library as a collec­tible for biblio­phi­les, it has never been used in lit­urgy and has thus been pre­ser­ved in its ent­i­rety and in rarely good condition.


Siehe auch:

Foto: ÖNB (auf ÖNB-Website gibt es noch keine Pressemeldung dazu)

Nachtrag: Mittlerweile gibt es auch eine Pressemeldung der ÖNBhttp://www.onb.ac.at/services/presse_19225.htm (siehe dazu: http://www.univie.ac.at/voeb/blog/?p=14257)

Dieser Beitrag wurde unter Kulturgüterschutzrecht, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek veröffentlicht. Setze ein Lesezeichen auf den Permalink.

2 Antworten auf ÖNB-Exemplar des Mainzer Psalters (1457) ebenfalls Teil des kulturellen Welterbes

  1. Dirk Willinghöfer sagt:

    Beim Link zum Digitalisat ist offen­sicht­lich eine Session-ID mit­ko­piert wor­den. Hier der funk­tio­nie­rende Link: http://data.onb.ac.at/dtl/2926469

  2. JP sagt:

    Danke und schon ausgebessert!

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