EU-Rat hat Richtlinie für verwaiste Werke angenommen

Der EU-Rat hat ges­tern die Richtlinie für ver­waiste Werke ange­nom­men. Siehe dazu die Presseerklärung:

Intellectual pro­perty: new EU rules for orphan works

The Council today[1] adop­ted a direc­tive esta­blis­hing a legal frame­work aimed at impro­ving access to and digi­ti­sa­tion of orphan works across the EU (PE-COS 36/12).
Orphan works are works (such as books, news­pa­pers, maga­zi­nes, audio recor­dings, films, etc.) that are pro­tec­ted by copy­right but whose owners can­not be iden­ti­fied or found. The new rules will faci­li­tate the digi­ti­sa­tion of and law­ful cross-border online access to orphan works con­tai­ned in the collec­tions of libra­ries, edu­ca­tio­nal establishments, museums, archi­ves, audio­vi­sual heri­tage insti­tu­ti­ons and public ser­vice broad­cas­ting organisations. These bene­fi­ci­ary insti­tu­ti­ons will be able to use orphan works when ful­fil­ling their public inte­rest mis­si­ons wit­hout the risk of infrin­ging copyright. It is a major step for the crea­tion and deve­lop­ment of digi­tal libra­ries, such as Europeana [2], which con­tri­bute to the pre­ser­va­tion and dis­se­mi­na­tion of European cul­tu­ral heritage.

The direc­tive will apply to works that are first publis­hed or broad­cast in the ter­ritory of a EU mem­ber state. A dili­gent search for right hol­ders will be car­ried out in that mem­ber state prior to gran­ting the orphan work status. Material cata­lo­gued as having orphan sta­tus in a mem­ber state will have the same sta­tus in all mem­ber sta­tes. A sin­gle publi­cly acces­si­ble online data­base will con­tain the infor­ma­tion rela­ted to orphan works, inclu­ding the results of sear­ches for right holders. The direc­tive pro­vi­des for a sys­tem of com­pen­sa­tion in the event of reap­pearing right hol­ders. The level and con­di­ti­ons of com­pen­sa­tion will be fixed by the mem­ber sta­tes taking into account the non-commercial use of the works made by the beneficiary institutions.

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Member sta­tes will have a maxi­mum of two years to incor­po­rate the new rules into their natio­nal legislations.

[1] The deci­sion was taken wit­hout dis­cus­sion at the Employment and Social Policy Council mee­ting. It fol­lows an agree­ment with the European Parliament at first
reading. The Italian dele­ga­tion voted against (13878/12 ADD1).



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