TOBIAS MAYER (1723-1762)
Born on February 17, 1723 in Marbach (Württemberg) as son of poor parents, he first worked as a map maker in Augsburg. Due to his numerous publications in natural sciences and mathematics, he became professor of mathematics in Göttingen in 1751. From 1754 until his early death on February 20, 1762, he was director of the astronomical observatory in Göttingen. As one of the leading astronomers of his time, he published the first map of the moon that was based on exact measurements as well as new sun and moon charts. In his earthquake theory he postulated sudden changes in the direction of gravitation to be the real cause of the collapse of buildings during earthquakes.

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