General Introduction
Earthquake Theories in Comparison
Aims, Methods, Sources of Theories
Contribution of Philosophy of Science
Table of Historical Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions
Classical Antiquity
Middle Ages
Early Modern Times
Evolutionary Theories
Electricity
Kant
Implications of the Lisbon Earthquake
Mechanical Theories: Mayer
Chemical Theories: Lemery, Krüger
Steam Pressure Theory: Jacobi
Hollow Sphere Theories
Pneumatic Theory: Franklin
Chemical Theory, Volcanism: Davy
Volcanism and Neptunism in the 18th Century
Neptunism: Werner
Volcanism: Michell
Combined Theories: Buffon, Pallas
Subsidence Theories
Neptunist Subsidence Theories: Mohr, Bischof
Hollow Strata Hypothesis: Volger
Non-neptunist Subsidence Theories: Boussingault, Marenzi
Elevation Theory
Theory of Elevation Craters: von Buch
Generalized Theories: de Beaumont, Humboldt
Criticism and Rejection: Poulett-Scrope, Lyell
Actualistic Theory: Lyell
The Calabria Earthquake
Actualistic Boiler Theory
Explanation of Geysers and Refutation: Bunsen
Plutonistic Theory: Darwin
The Chile Earthquake
Lava Hypothesis
Subsidence and Elevation Earthquakes
Compensation of Stress and Dislocation
Humboldt's Volcanism
Cumana and Caracas Earthquakes
Mechanism of Volcanoes
Humboldt's Physics of the Earth
Thermal State of the Earth's Interior
Size of the Earth and Shape of the Crust
Humboldt's Volcanistic Theory
Extreme Volcanism: Tides of the Liquid Core
Relevance for Earthquake Prognosis
Introduction: The Paradigm Shift in the Theory of Earthquakes
Development of the Wave Theory and its Application to Earthquakes
Theory of Sound Waves
Theory of Water Waves
Predecessors of MALLET
HOPKINS' Foundations of a Mathematical Theory of the Wave Motions of Earthquakes
MALLET's Theory of Wave Motions and Propagation of Earthquakes
Dynamics of Earthquakes (1846)
The Experimentum Crucis: MALLET's Explosion Experiments for the Determination of the Transit Velocity in Earthquake Waves
The Great Neapolitan Earthquake
MALLET's Method
Determination of the Point on the Surface Vertically Above the Focus
The Determination of the Depth of the Focus (Depth, Form, Temperature)
Application of Wave Theory to the Form of Isoseisms of Earthquakes
HUMBOLDT's Theory of the Wave Propagation of Earthquakes
MALLET's Criticism of HUMBOLDT
Extension of Volcanistic Earthquake Theory to a Theory of Wave Propagation of Earthquakes
Independence of Volcanic Eruptions and of Earthquakes in HUMBOLDT
VOLGER's Neptunistic Theory of Fall Waves (1858)
The Wallis Earthquake on 25th July, 1855
VOLGER's Criticism of the Plutonistic Elevation Theory
Link between the Hollow Layer Hypothesis with the Theory of "Fall Waves"
Seismic Geometry and Mechanics: Karl von SEEBACH
K. v. SEEBACH's Criticism of MALLET
The Method Based on Exact Time Measurements
Determination of the "Surface Centre" (Epicentre)
Determination of the Actual Propagation Speed, the Time of the First Shock and the Depth of the Actual Earthquake Centre
Criticism and Modification of Seismic Geometry by v. SEEBACH's Successors
Final Evaluation of Seismic Geometry and its Results
A Theory of Tectonic Earthquakes
Geotectonic Hypothesis about Volcanic Phenomena: Robert MALLET
Contraction Theory: DANA, HEIM and SUESS
Isostasy: EVEREST, PRATT and AIRY
Abyssodynamics: G. PILAR
Influence of Instruments: From Descriptive Earthquake Studies to Seismology as an Exact science
Pre-history of Earthquake Instruments
The Origin of Instrumental Observation in the Context of the Wave Theory of Earthquakes
Observation of Local Earthquakes with Self-recording Seismometers
Registration of Remote Earthquakes: Horizontal Pendula
Influence of Instrumental Observation on the Theory of Types of Vibrations and the Path of Earthquake Waves
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