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in Santo Tomas, he was president of the Ateneo Academy of Spanish Literature. Father Ramon, rector of the Ateneo, had encouraged him to the effort, gotten for him all the books the Manila libraries afforded, and given him the benefit of his criticism.

The "Royal Economical Society of the Friends of the Country (Amigos del Pais)" recognized Rizal's literature successes by granting diplomas to supplement the awards of the Lyceum. The society 's centennial was celebrated in 1881 and in the competition for a suitable allegorical medal to commemorate the the event, Rizal submitted a design, in wax, which brought him the first prize, a silver medal.

His triumph made it still more unpleasant for Rizal in the university with whose methods of instruction he had been dissatisfied ever since his first year in physics. His old instructions, the Jesuits, had encouraged their pupils to ask questions, to hold opinions of their own and to defend them, but in the higher institution this was not permitted.

Finally one day in a class in medicine the professor made statements directly contrary to the textbooks and then refused to permit discussion or to give any explanation, so Rizal decided he was wasting his time to remain in the university. He made up his mind to go to Europe to study and curiously enough some years later had the pleasure of sending back to Manila a class photograph which showed this instructor and himself, as the teacher had gone to Spain to finish his incomplete medical studies.

As a boy he had listened eagerly to his accounts of Spain from the Spanish visitors at his father home in Kalamba, and had often questioned a half brother of his mother who had spent several years in Europe.

He knew that one of the three priest who in '72 suffered for their patriotism had urged Filipino students to study in Spain, and thru his brother Paciano he had read the prohibited Spanish translations of the views of the great German traveller Jaegor on how the Philippines compared with Spain and that country with the more advanced nations of Europe.

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[Begin] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [End]
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created: June 12, 1998
updated: June 12, 1998
APSIS Editor Johann Stockinger