Page 27The Story of José RizalPage 29
Once on the other side of the Atlantic he went to London and in the British Museum copied Morga's account of the Philippines from a rare volume and annotated it with a mass of information gained from the wealth of references available there. In Paris he finished the work and it was published, only to be put in the Philippine list of prohibited books. Then in Belgium "El Filibusterismo" wa written, a sequel to "Noli Me Tangere." The Morga tells what the Philippines were at the beginning of Spanish rule and makes an effort to prove that in three centuries they have gone backward. Of course that could not be proven but it was a forcible way of showing how little Spain had really done. The Noli gave a picture of modern conditions in the Philippines under Spanish rule, and "El Filibusterismo" showed what must be the future unless policies were changed.

Morga's history with Rizal's notes in English is published in the Blair-Robertson historical collection, and a large part of "El Filibusterismo" appears in Leroy's "Philippine Life in Town and Country." His "Views on Race Differences", originally in German, were published with a translation of Blumentritt's biography in Singapore in 1898 and a better translation by R. L. Packard has been reprinted from the "Popular Science Monthly."

In all his writings were keen criticism of Filipino shortcomings but these were unheeded and today the books are supposed to have served their usefulness. There are admirers of Rizal who chew betel nut, fight roosters, follow caciques and neglect work with never a thought that he scored their type as unmercifully as ever he did unworthy friar of dishonest official. The friar is no longer a landlord and the "Guardia Civil" is out of the land but it is more popular apparently to remember Rizal's views of these than his opinions on men and conditions whose like are still with us.

For some time Rizal had contributed to a newspaper in Madrid which was the organ of the Filipinos in asking reform of abuses and seeking more liberal government for the Archipelago. The "La Solodaridad" was supported by subscription from the Islands but Dr. Rizal felt that it was following rather a policy to get money to keep

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created: June 12, 1998
updated: June 12, 1998
APSIS Editor Johann Stockinger