An Austrian Life for the Philippines
Harry Sichrovsky (1983/87)
Chronological Table of Events
- Franz II becomes Franz I, Emperor of Austria.
- Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Aspern, Tyrolean Revolt
- Spanish War of Independence against Napoleon;
- First Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes
- Vienna Congress. Abolition of the Galleon Trade (State
monopoly of the cargo vessel route Acapulco-Manila)
- Independence of Mexico (The Philippines are directly gov-
erned by Spain)
- First railway line opens in Austria (Linz-Budweis)
- Abolition of the privileges of the Royal Philippine Company;
- Manila is opened to world trade
- Accession to the throne by Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria
- Establishment of the Austrian Lloyd in Triest with ocean
traffic to the Far East and South America
- Revolution in Vienna, Prague, Crakau. Accession to the
throne by Emperor Franz Joseph I
- All Filipinos are obliged to adopt Spanish family names
- Lifting of the domestic customs restrictions in Austria
- Ferdinand Blumentritt is born in Prague
- Jose Rizal is born in Calamba
- Introduction of general primary education in the Philippines;
- Andres Bonifacio is born.
- War between Prussia and Austria
- Enactment of the national statute on the rights of citizens in
- First universal Labor Day in Wiener-Neustadt;
- Republican revolution in Spain;
- Liberal reforms for the Philippines.
- Opening of the Suez Canal, reducing the shipping connection
between Spain and the Philippines from three
months to four weeks;
- Emilio Aguinaldo is born.
- Austerlitz Alliance (Austria, Prussia, Russia);
- Mutiny of Cavite, execution of the three priests
- Formation of the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria
- Graduation of Blumentritt. Commencement of work as
professor in Leitmeritz;
- Austria occupies Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- First publication of Blumentritt about the Philippines (The
Chinese in the Philippines)
- First European trip of Rizal (up to 1887)
- Graduation of Rizal: Doctor of Medicine, Philosophy and Letters
- Beginning of the correspondence between Rizal and Blumentritt
- Rizal's visit to Leitmeritz, Rizal writes Noli me tangere;
- Rizal's first return to the Philippines
- Rizal is in Europe again.
- Creation of the "Solidaridad" in Madrid, Blumentritt contributes to the periodical;
- Blumentritt's written defence for the Noli me tangere
- Rizal publishes the new edition of the "Morga" with an
introduction by Blumentritt.
- Blumentritt is elected to the municipal council of Leitmeritz
(He was council member up to 1908)
- Rizal publishes EI Filibusterismo with a foreword by Blumentritt.
- First railway line in the Philippines starts operation.
- Rizal's second return to his native country, banishment to
- Beginning of the first Philippine revolution under Bonifacio.
- Arrest of Rizal during trip to Cuba, trial and execution.
- Beginning of the Spanish-American war, destruction of the
Spanish fleet before Manila. Re-commencement of the
Philippine revolution. Declaration of independence. Formation
of the first revolutionary government. Peace
Treaty of Paris, American occupation.
- Blumentritt becomes Director of the Leitmeritz Classical
Secondary School (up to his retirement in 1911) and
- Blumentritt testifies in favor of the granting of independence to the
Philippines in connection with a general
inquiry of the University of Boston.
- Capture of Aguinaldo by the Americans.
- Philippine-American war ends officially, the American colonial
civil government is established in the Philippines
- Approval of the creation of nationalist parties in the Philippines
- Introduction of general, equal, secret and direct suffrage in
- Election and convening of the Philippine Assembly, the
first Parliament in Manila
- Death of Blumentritt, obsequies in Manila
- Assassination of Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. Beginning of
the First World War
- Publication of a memorial volume for Blumentritt by the
Philippine Assembly and the establishment of the
Blumentritt Society in Manila.