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Guidelines for Authors

We highly recommend using the Word template. It contains detailed instructions for authors.

Send all material to submission/at/ Important: Make sure that the attached file is not bigger than 5MB.

We welcome submissions of manuscripts that correspond to the Aims and Scope of the journal. The journal publishes:

     scholarly papers dealing with the conceptual analysis of constructivist concepts

     research papers covering experiments in constructivism

     papers reporting on synthetic formal or computational models relevant for constructivist approaches

     applications of constructivist concepts

     survey articles

     editorial material such as perspectives, opinions, essays written by senior scholars, and open peer commentaries

     book reviews

Occasionally the journal publishes special issues focusing on a specific topic. However, themed issues do not exclude contributions on other topics, which are published in the issue’s Regular Papers section.


« Our goal is to help you optimize your paper »

It is our philosophy that the articles published in Constructivist Foundations must withstand the scrutiny of the scientific community. Therefore, we apply a three-stage reviewing process (cf. Constructive Three-Stage Double-Blind Peer Reviewing):
Step 1 — Upon arrival we screen submitted manuscripts for their general appropriateness and provide the author with editorial comments if needed.
Step 2 — All regular articles that have been editorially accepted are subject to double-blind peer-reviewing. We encourage reviewers to produce fair and constructive assessments that anticipate possible objections of the audience.
Step 3 — Authors of (conditionally) accepted papers are asked to revise their manuscript based on the constructive criticism of the reviewers. Others are rejected. The revised version will be forwarded to the original reviewers for a final assessment. Together with the editors' evaluation they determine the final acceptance or rejection of the manuscript.

Finally, all manuscripts accepted for publication are copy-edited for free.

Since Volume 9, all published articles are accompanied by about four to ten Open Peer Commentaries (OPC) in which commentators openly discuss the content of the target article. OPCs provide a concentrated constructive interaction between the target author and commentators on a topic judged to be of broad significance to the constructivist community. The issues raised by the commentators are addressed in the Author’s Response to the commentaries.

No Charges

Unlike in other journals with openly accessible articles there are no Author Processing Charges. Accepted manuscripts are published for free and are freely available to all readers (however, we look forward to institutional support to cover our expenses).


Before submitting your manuscript make sure that it contains the following parts. (We highly recommend using the Word template.)

  • Title, optionally subtitle
  • Author(s) with affiliation(s) and email(s)
  • Structured abstract of about 200 words and up to 10 key words
  • Introduction: The first chapter initializes the contact between author and reader, and should be guided by the question: “Why should the reader get involved with my paper?”
  • Main text: Ideas should be presented in a logical sequence — “Is there a clearly defined progression of information? Does one paragraph lead smoothly into the next?”
    The writing style should be simple, using as few words as possible. Conciseness and brevity are valued.
  • Conclusion:
    • Provides a summary — “What main points did I make, what did I show?”
    • Discusses the paper’s relevance — “How is my paper related to constructivist approaches?”
    • Optionally it may provide an outlook — “What could be done next?”
  • Alphabetical list of references. References must not be included as foot-/endnotes
  • Biographical note of each author (please do not include photographs of the authors)
  • List of at least 5 potential reviewers who are not in a direct working relation with you and who are qualified for double-blind peer-reviewing your paper
  • A declaration that your manuscript constitutes original work and that (major parts of) it have not been published elsewhere.

Detailed Guidelines


  • Overall length: 3000–9000 words
  • Use simple single-column format
  • To emphasize, use italics type (no bold)
  • As few footnotes as possible
  • Submission formats: DOC, RTF, HTML, CEF (a markup format currently under development);
    we cannot process LaTex
  • For each graphic use a separate file; use EPS for vector-based graphics; photographs and scanned material should be in JPEG or TIFF and have at least 300dpi

Layout and graphics

  • The paper must be written in English. If English is a foreign language for you, please ask a native speaker of English to proofread your article before submission
  • The paper must be original work and must not have been published elsewhere
  • The copyright remains with the author and is licensed under a Creative Commons License,
  • If you use copyrighted material (long quotes, photographs, figures, etc.) you must obtain the permission from the respective copyright holder before submitting the final version of your paper.

Structured abstract

Each paper must contain a structured abstract in which the content of the paper is summarized in about 200 words. In contrast to normal abstracts, structured abstracts should be divided into the following sections.

Context • What is the current situation in your discipline with regard to the topic of your paper? Why is it a problem in your discipline at the moment?

Problem • Which problems do you want to solve? What are the reasons for writing the paper or the aims of the research?

Method • What is the approach to the topic and what is the theoretical or subject scope of the paper? How are the objectives achieved? What are the main method(s) used for the research?

Results • What was found in the course of the argumentation? What is the solution to the problem you pose?

Implications • What is the value of the paper? For whom are your insights beneficial? What do you suggest for future research? Are there identifiable limitations in the research process? What outcomes and implications for practice, applications and consequences are identified? What changes to practice should be made as a result of this paper?

Constructivist content • What is the connection with constructivism? Does the paper link to one of the constructivist approaches covered by the journal? Why it could bring progress to constructivist approaches? How it is based on the works of constructivists such as Ernst von Glasersfeld, Heinz von Foerster, Humberto Maturana, Francisco Varela, to name but a few? Do you argue in favor of a new constructivist perspective?

Key words • What are the up to ten most important concepts and notions in the paper? Which proponents of constructivism are central in your paper? Please provide a careful mix of general and more specific key words.

Paper type • Which type of inquiry do you follow? Choose from: conceptual; empirical; synthetic (formal or computational models); survey (guiding summary of a field); perspective (of senior scholar)

Background(s) • Which is the disciplinary background of your paper? Choose from: biological; cognitive; computer science; education science; engineering; epistemological; historical; philosophical; physics; physiological; psychological; sociological; add a new discipline if necessary.

Perspective • From which perspective do you argue in your paper? Choose one from: biology of cognition; constructivist evolutionary epistemology; cybersemiotics; enactive cognitive science; epistemic structuring of experience; non-dualizing philosophy; radical constructivism; second order cybernetics; theory of autopoietic systems.

Citing in the text

  • Surname of author(s) no comma Year
  • More than three authors: use the the first author’s surname followed by “et al.”
  • All quotes have to be accompanied by a page specification.
  • Every page specification must be preceded by a colon in both text and reference part.


  • Glasersfeld (2006) argued…
  • “… text” (O’Regan & Noë 2001: 940).
  • Langley et al. (1987: 103) showed that…

List of references

  • As a rule, use a simplified Harvard-style
  • Except for the first word paper and book titles are not capitalized
  • Journal titles are capitalized
  • No comma between surname and initials
  • Page specifications are preceded by a colon
  • Always list all authors (no “et al.”)

Examples of books

Langley P., Simon H., Bradhaw G. L. & Zytkow J. M. (1987) Scientific discovery. MIT Press, Cambridge.

Piaget J. (1954) The construction of reality in the child. Ballantine, New York. Originally published in French as: Piaget J. (1937) La construction du réel chez l’enfant. Délachaux & Niestlé, Neuchâtel.

Examples of book chapters

Foerster H. von (1984) On constructing a reality. In: Watzlawick P. (ed.) The invented reality. Norton, New York: 41–62.

Maturana H. R. (1978) Biology of language: The epistemology of reality. In: Miller G. A. & Lenneberg E. (eds.) Psychology and biology of language and thought. Academic Press, New York: 27–63.

Examples of journal articles

Glasersfeld E. von (2005) Thirty years radical constructivism. Constructivist Foundations 1(1): 9–12.

O’Regan J. K. & Noë A. (2001) A sensorimotor account of vision and visual consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24(5): 939–1031.

Example of electronic sources

Brook A. (2008) Kant’s view of the mind and consciousness of self. In: Zalta E. N. (ed.) The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from on 31 July 2008.

Reprints and translations

Please cite the reprint or translation from which you quote or which you actually read and add a note about the original publication.