We are investigating the existential constructions according to the system established by Croft (1991) Type B (special existential negation) is the most frequent among the Uralic languages.
Neg Ex (≠Neg)
Neg Ex (=Neg)
|Finnish, Estonian, Livonian||Hungarian, Mari||Kamassian, Mator, Enets, Nganasan, Mordvin, Udmurt||Khanty, Mansi, Komi, Nenets, Selkup||--||--|
Type B ~ C: There is a special negative existential predicate that is starting to penetrate into standard negation. This can happen in several ways: 1) the two forms may fuse and this new form may appear as a new standard negation element. (vide Croft 1991: 8); 2) the negation element, which normally appears in existential sentences may also be used in standard expressions.
Type C ~ A: The existential negation element is reassessed to a verbal negation element. The difference to type B is that the reassessment has not been finished yet, viz. negation can be expressed by two different constructions.